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Table 2 Results of logistic regression models on diabetes screening

From: Impact of rurality on diabetes screening in the US

Parameters Had a test for high blood sugar or diabetes in the past 3 years  
  Odds Ratio 95% Conf. Interval p-value
   Lower Upper  
Age (ref: Age 18 to 24)
 Age 25 to 34 1.57 1.37 1.80 < 0.0001
 Age 35 to 44 1.44 1.27 1.64 < 0.0001
 Age 45 to 54 1.81 1.59 2.06 < 0.0001
 Age 55 to 64 2.34 2.05 2.66 < 0.0001
 Age 65 or older 2.40 2.11 2.73 < 0.0001
Sex (ref: Female)
 Male 1.02 0.99 1.05 0.20
Household income (ref: Less than $15,000)
 $15,000 to <$25,000 1.09 1.02 1.17 0.01
 $25,000 to <$35,000 1.13 1.05 1.21 0.001
 $35,000 to <$50,000 1.17 1.10 1.26 < 0.0001
 $50,000 or more 1.22 1.14 1.30 < 0.0001
Education (ref: High school graduate)
 Never attended school or only kindergarten 0.45 0.24 0.83 0.012
 Elementary 0.77 0.70 0.85 < 0.0001
 Some high school 0.81 0.75 0.87 < 0.0001
 Some college or technical school 1.19 1.15 1.23 < 0.0001
 College graduate 1.23 1.19 1.27 < 0.0001
Race (ref: White)
 Black 1.34 1.28 1.42 < 0.0001
 Hispanic 1.28 1.16 1.40 < 0.0001
 Others (e.g., Asian, American Indian or Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, other race, multiracial) 1.00 0.94 1.07 0.94
 Don’t know/Not sure/Refused 1.34 1.28 1.42 < 0.0001
General health (ref: Excellent)
 Very good 1.12 1.08 1.17 < 0.0001
 Good 1.14 1.09 1.18 < 0.0001
 Fair 1.23 1.17 1.30 < 0.0001
 Poor 1.29 1.19 1.40 < 0.0001
BMI (ref: Normal Weight (18.50 < BMI < 25.00))
 Underweight (BMI < 18.50) 0.89 0.81 0.98 0.016
 Overweight (25.00 < =BMI < 30.00) 1.29 1.25 1.33 < 0.0001
 Obese (BMI > =30.00) 1.78 1.72 1.85 < 0.0001
High blood pressure (ref: No)
 Yes 0.71 0.69 0.73 < 0.0001
High cholesterol (ref: No)
 Yes 1.10 1.07 1.13 < 0.0001
Health care coverage (ref: No)
 Yes 1.51 1.42 1.60 < 0.0001
Personal doctor/health care provider (ref: No)
 Yes, only one 2.04 1.95 2.13 < 0.0001
 More than one 1.86 1.75 1.97 < 0.0001
Marital status (ref: Married)
 Divorced 1.00 0.96 1.05 0.879
 Widowed 0.90 0.87 0.94 < 0.0001
 Separated 1.08 0.97 1.19 0.153
 Never married 0.91 0.87 0.97 0.001
 A member of an unmarried couple 1.15 1.04 1.27 0.005
Metropolitan Status Code (ref: Not in an MSA)
 In the center city of an MSA 1.01 0.98 1.04 0.534
 Outside the center city of an MSA but inside the county containing the center city 0.95 0.92 0.99 0.011
 Inside a suburban county of the MSA 0.94 0.90 0.98 0.002
  1. Model adjusted for Age, Sex, Household income, Education, Race, General health, BMI, High blood pressure, High cholesterol, Health care coverage, Personal doctor/health care provider, Marital status, and Metropolitan Status Code
  2. Significant at 0.05 level (2-tailed)
  3. MSCODE 5
  4. MSCODE 1
  5. MSCODE 2
  6. MSCODE 3