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Table 5 Prevalence of Cryptosporidium in children 0–5 years old in Limbe classified based on hygiene, diet habit and animal factor

From: Prevalence and risk factors associated with cryptosporidiosis among children within the ages 0–5 years attending the Limbe regional hospital, southwest region, Cameroon

Variable No. sample for each
category
No. (100%) positive of
cryptosporidium based on
categories
Number of microscopy
positive samples for
Cryptosporidium spp (%)
Odds ratio 95% CI P - value
Type of toilet
 Flushing toilet 8 00 00 1   0.543
 Pit toilet 11 1 (10) 1 (0.89) 0.54 0.09–2.31
 Toilet pan 29 4 (40) 4 (3.57) 1.67 0.34–4.62
 Diaper 64 5 (50) 5 (4.46) 2.13 0.89–8.11
Source of drinking water
 Commercial bottle water 40 1 (10) 1 (0.89) 1   0.018
 Municipal water from tap 43 8 (80) 7 (7.14) 1.39 0.0823.22
 Municipal water processed at home by filter 29 1 (10) 1 (0.89) 8.91 1.0674.88
Did you drink any local beverage made 2 weeks before?
ill
 Yes 29 3 (30) 3 (2.68) 1   0.756
 No 83 7 (70) 7 (6.25) 1.24 0.35–6.23
Child nutrition within the
first six months
 Exclusive breast feeding 61 2 (20) 2 (1.79) 1   0.022
 No exclusive breast feeding 51 8 (80) 8 (7.14) 0.18 0.04–0.90
Keep animals
 Yes 27 3 (30) 3 (2.68) 1   0.648
 No 85 7 (70) 7 (6.25) 2.29 0.59–8.81
Do your neighbors keep pets
 Yes 12 00   1   0.251
 No 100 10 (100) 10 (8.93) 0.0 0.0-
1.0E12