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Table 7 Indicators of adversity in BCHCP cohort compared to other Canadians

From: The British Columbia Healthy Connections Project: findings on socioeconomic disadvantage in early pregnancy

  BCHCP population Canadian samples (%)
14–19 years (%) 20–24 years (%) %  
BCHCP screening criteria
 Young age during pregnancy 49 51 2–11 Canadian females ≤19 years (2%) and 20–24 years (11%) [43]
 Low income (< $20,000 per year) 90 77 13–15 Canadian females < 18 years (15%) and ≥ 18 years (13%) [44]
 Limited education (no high school completion) 69 37 17 BC females of all ages [45]
 Preparing to parent while single (not married or common-law) 87 95 7–45 Canadian females ≥15 years (7%) and living on low income (45%) [46]
Additional health and social adversities
 Homeless ever (including currently) 44 49 5 Canadians (male and female) 15–24 years [47]
 Unstable housing (moving in past year) 35 33 20 Canadian females ≥15–24 years [47]
 Psychological distress 28 36 30 Canadian females ≥15 years and low-income [48]
 Diagnosed mental disorder 20 23 15 Canadian females ≥15 years [48]
 Prenatal cannabis use 21 21 15 BC females 12–17 years [49]
 Prenatal nicotine use 27 27 22 Canadian females ≥15 years and low income [50]
 Serious physical health problems ≤ 19 ≤ 22 13 BC females 12–17 years [49]
 Child maltreatment when ≤16 years 55 57 30 Canadian females ≥15 years [51]
 Exposure to intimate partner violence in recent past 51 48 22–40 Canadian females 15–19 years (40%) and 20–24 years (22%) [52]