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Table 5 Barriers by population size group and gender

From: Social participation in older women and men: differences in community activities and barriers according to region and population size in Canada

Barrier Population size group
Rural Small Medium Large Metropolitan Canada
n = 2620 n = 619 n = 1855 n = 3808 n = 7372 n = 16,274
W M Total W M Total W M Total W M Total W M Total W M Total
% % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
[95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI]
Want to participate more 23.1a 19.9a 21.6A 25.0a 21.9a 23.7A 25.1a 18.3a 22.1A 28.0a 22.4a 25.6A 27.6a 20.6a††† 24.4A 26.6 20.7††† 23.9
[19.3,27.0] [16.1,23.7] [18.8,24.4] [17.6,32.5] [14.4,29.4] [19.1,28.2] [21.2,28.9] [14.7,22.0] [19.5,24.7] [25.1,30.9] [19.2,25.6] [23.5,27.6] [25.1,30.1] [18.3,22.9] [22.6,26.2] [25.0,28.2] [19.1,22.2] [22.8,25.1]
Personal barriers
 Health limitation 39.5a 29.3a 35.0A 42.3a 23.7a 34.7A 40.7a 37.1a 39.4A 36.3a 32.9a 35.0A 30.5a 34.3a 31.9A 34.7 33.0 34.0
[29.5,49.6] [19.1,39.5] [27.5,42.5] [31.4,53.2] [12.5,34.8] [25.7,43.8] [32.4,49.0] [27.1,47.0] [32.9,45.8] [31.1,41.5] [26.3,39.5] [31.0,39.0] [26.4,34.5] [28.9,39.7] [28.6,35.3] [31.9,37.6] [29.4,36.5] [31.8,36.3]
 Too busy 6.5a 27.1a††† 15.6A 8.1a 24.6a 14.8A 14.3a 24.0a 17.8A 15.9a 29.5a†† 21.1A 20.2a 29.6a†† 23.8A 16.2 28.4††† 20.9
[1.6,11.5] [16.7,37.5] [9.4,21.8] [0.6,15.6] [9.8,39.5] [6.6,23.1] [8.0,20.6] [15.1,32.8] [12.6,23.0] [11.0,20.9] [21.9,37.0] [16.8,25.3] [16.3,24.2] [24.1,35.2] [20.6,27.1] [13.7,18.7] [24.6,32.2] [18.8,23.1]
 Do not want to go alone 17.4a 6.4a 12.5A 11.0a 6.3a 9.1A 15.4a 6.3a 12.1A 15.6a 11.0a 13.8A 18.0a 9.7a†† 14.8A 16.7 9.0††† 13.7
[7.4,27.4] [1.9,10.9] [6.6,18.4] [3.2,18.7] [0.0,14] [3.8,14.4] [8.5,22.4] [1.9,10.8] [7.5,16.7] [12.2,18.9] [6.2,15.9] [11.0,16.7] [14.1,21.8] [6.2,13.2] [12.1,17.6] [14.2,19.2] [6.8,11.3] [12.0,15.5]
 Personal responsibilities 5.7a 16.6a 10.5A 15.7a 16.2a 15.9A 7.8a 7.2a 7.5A 11.8a 6.8a 9.9A 11.1a 9.6a 10.5A 10.4 10.1 10.3
[2.6,8.9] [4.6,28.5] [4.7,16.4] [2.9,28.6] [2.5,29.9] [6.4,25.5] [3.5,12.1] [2.3,12.1] [4.4,10.7] [7.6,16.0] [3.4,10.2] [7.0,12.8] [6.8,15.3] [6.1,13.2] [7.5,13.6] [8.0,12.7] [7.2,13.0] [8.4,12.1]
Environmental barriers
 Time not suitable 4.4a 8.8a 6.3A 3.9a 10.7a 6.7A 5.8a 1.4a 4.2A 5.4a 6.5a 5.8A 11.6a 6.9a 9.8A 8.1 6.7 7.6
[1.5,7.3] [3.0,14.6] [3.2,9.5] [0.1,7.6] [0.0,22.1] [1.0,12.3] [1.8,9.8] [0.0,2.9] [1.5,6.9] [2.4,8.5] [3.6,9.3] [3.6,8.0] [8.0,15.3] [4.2,9.7] [7.3,12.4] [6.2,10.1] [5.0,8.5] [6.2,9.0]
 Unavailability 15.5a 11.2a 13.6B 3.9ab 9.6ab 6.2AB 5.3b 10.2ab 7.1AB 7.4b 7.7ab 7.5AB 7.2b 4.1b 6.0A 8.0 7.0 7.6
[9.1,22.0] [5.2,17.3] [9.2,18.0] [0.0,9.0] [0.2,19.0] [1.5,10.9] [2.7,7.8] [1.7,18.7] [3.2,10.9] [4.7,10.1] [4.1,11.3] [5.6,9.5] [4.7,9.7] [2.0,6.2] [4.3,7.8] [6.4,9.7] [5.2,8.8] [6.4,8.9]
 Transportation 15.1a 1.2a††† 8.9A 8.0ab 4.7A 13.3ab 1.4ab††† 9.0A 10.8ab 2.7b††† 7.7A 10.1b 6.0b 8.5A
[8.6,21.6] [0.0,2.4] [5.3,12.6] [1.6,14.4] [‡,‡] [1.0,8.5] [8.5,18.1] [0.0,3.2] [5.6,12.3] [7.4,14.2] [1.1,4.2] [5.5,9.9] [7.2,12.9] [3.0,9.0] [6.3,10.7] [‡,‡] [‡,‡] [‡,‡]
 Other 4.8a 5.8a 5.3A 16.4a 21.7a 18.5A 13.2a 16.1a 14.2A 8.8a 12.6a 10.3A 8.5a 14.2a 10.6A 8.9 12.9†† 10.4
[1.5,8.1] [2.2,9.5] [2.8,7.8] [6.3,26.5] [1.6,41.7] [8.1,29.0] [7.1,19.3] [9.1,23.1] [9.8,18.7] [6.1,11.6] [7.8,17.5] [7.8,12.7] [5.9,11.1] [10.6,17.7] [8.5,12.8] [7.2,10.6] [10.5,15.3] [9.1,11.8]
  1. Cells that share a letter are not significantly different (p > 0.05, Bonferroni adjused): lowercase between W/Population size group; lowercase italic between M/Population size group; uppercase between Population size group. † Men are significantly different than women († p < 0.05, †† p < 0.01, ††† p < 0.001). n is the unweighted sample size after removing missing observations. ‡ values could not be released