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Table 4 Barriers by region and gender

From: Social participation in older women and men: differences in community activities and barriers according to region and population size in Canada

Barrier Canadian region
B.C. Prairies Ontario Quebec Atlantic Canada
n = 2042 n = 3741 n = 3496 n = 2730 n = 4265 n = 16,274
W M Total W M Total W M Total W M Total W M Total W M Total
% % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
[95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI]
Want to participate more 30.1a 22.9a†† 26.7A 30.0a 24.6a 27.5A 28.3a 21.1a††† 25.0A 20.4a 16.2a 18.5A 26.9a 21.5a†† 24.5A 26.6 20.7††† 23.9
[26.0,34.2] [19.2,26.6] [23.8,29.7] [26.9,33.2] [21.7,27.5] [25.5,29.6] [25.4,31.2] [18.1,24.0] [22.9,27.1] [17.6,23.2] [13.2,19.2] [16.4,20.6] [24.4,29.3] [18.8,24.2] [22.6,26.3] [25.0,28.2] [19.1,22.2] [22.8,25.1]
Personal barriers
 Health limitation 32.0a 39.4a 34.9A 35.5a 27.6a 32.2A 37.1a 32.2a 35.2A 28.8a 32.5a 30.2A 40.9a 37.5a 39.5A 34.7 33.0 34.0
[25.4,38.5] [29.4,49.4] [29.2,40.7] [29.7,41.3] [21.9,0.0] [28.0,36.5] [32.1,42.2] [25.6,38.7] [31.2,39.3] [22.7,35.0] [23.9,41.0] [25.1,35.4] [35.9,45.8] [30.6,44.4] [35.4,43.7] [31.9,37.6] [29.4,36.5] [31.8,36.3]
 Too busy 17.8a 24.6ab 20.5A 20.5a 28.0ab 23.6A 16.9a 30.7a†† 22.2A 11.8a 31.9ab††† 19.4A 11.3a 16.9b 13.5A 16.2 28.4††† 20.9
[12.1,23.5] [14.0,35.2] [14.8,26.3] [14.9,26.1] [21.1,34.9] [19.1,28.0] [12.5,21.4] [24.1,37.4] [18.6,25.8] [6.9,16.7] [22.3,41.4] [14.1,24.8] [7.4,15.3] [11.4,22.4] [10.3,16.7] [13.7,18.7] [24.6,32.2] [18.8,23.1]
 Not want to go alone 15.2a 15.0a 15.1A 22.1a 8.0a††† 16.3A 16.1a 7.5a†† 12.9A 15.4a 8.9a 12.9A 15.2a 7.3a†† 12.1A 16.7 9.0††† 13.7
[9.0,21.3] [7.0,23.0] [9.8,20.4] [16.9,27.3] [3.2,12.7] [12.6,20.0] [11.5,20.8] [4.1,10.8] [9.8,15.9] [10.6,20.1] [4.2,13.7] [9.3,16.5] [11.5,18.9] [4.1,10.5] [9.5,14.7] [14.2,19.2] [6.8,11.3] [12.0,15.5]
 Personal responsibilities 12.1a 8.5a 10.7A 7.5a 9.6a 8.4A 10.6a 13.6a 11.7A 12.1a 4.6 9.2A 7.2a 10.5a 8.5A 10.4 10.1 10.3
[6.8,17.5] [3.5,13.4] [6.7,14.6] [4.8,10.3] [5.5,13.6] [6.2,10.6] [6.7,14.5] [7.2,20.0] [8.4,15.0] [4.4,19.9] [1.3,7.9] [4.0,14.5] [4.3,10.1] [3.7,17.2] [5.3,11.6] [8.0,12.7] [7.2,13.0] [8.4,12.1]
Environmental barriers
 Cost 9.5a 6.4a 8.3A 7.4a 5.3a 6.6A 8.7a 10.3a 9.3A 9.5a 6.1a 8.2A 5.9a 4.4a 5.3A 8.6 7.5 8.2
[4.1,15.0] [2.3,10.5] [4.8,11.8] [4.3,10.6] [2.1,8.5] [4.3,8.8] [4.3,13.1] [4.4,16.3] [5.7,12.9] [5.6,13.4] [2.0,10.3] [5.4,11.0] [3.1,8.7] [1.6,7.2] [3.4,7.3] [6.4,10.7] [4.8,10.3] [6.5,9.9]
 Time not suitable 8.1a 8.0a 8.1A 6.8a 8.6a 7.5A 8.1a 6.8a 7.6A 9.9a 4.2a 7.7A 6.7a 5.7a 6.3A 8.1 6.7 7.6
[3.5,12.6] [3.6,12.4] [4.7,11.4] [3.9,9.7] [4.9,12.4] [5.1,10.0] [4.5,11.8] [3.5,10.1] [4.9,10.3] [4.6,15.2] [0.6,7.9] [4.2,11.3] [3.9,9.6] [2.7,8.6] [4.3,8.4] [6.2,10.1] [5.0,8.5] [6.2,9.0]
 Unavailability 5.4a 10.1a 7.3A 8.8a 5.4a 7.4A 7.5a 5.4a 6.7A 9.2a 8.1a 8.8A 11.5a 10.2a 11.0A 8.0 7.0 7.6
[2.0,8.8] [4.9,15.2] [4.5,10.0] [6.1,11.5] [3.0,7.8] [5.6,9.2] [4.6,10.3] [2.4,8.3] [4.6,8.8] [4.5,13.9] [2.4,13.7] [5.2,12.4] [7.9,15.2] [5.9,14.5] [8.1,13.9] [6.4,9.7] [5.2,8.8] [6.4,8.9]
 Too far 6.2a 3.6a 5.2A 4.7a 7.1a 5.7A 6.3a 1.8a 4.6A 5.1a 6.6a 5.7A 4.0a 5.1a 4.4A 5.6 4.2 5.0
[2.0,10.5] [0.0,7.4] [2.4,8.0] [2.4,7.1] [1.6,12.6] [3.1,8.3] [3.0,9.5] [0.1,3.4] [2.5,6.6] [1.8,8.4] [1.6,11.5] [2.9,8.4] [2.2,5.7] [2.2,8.0] [2.9,5.9] [4.0,7.2] [2.5,5.9] [3.8,6.3]
 Other 10.4a 13.8a 11.7A 9.7a 17.5a 12.9A 9.0a 12.8a 10.5A 7.2a 8.9a 7.8A 7.9a 10.8a 9.1A 8.9 12.9†† 10.4
[5.0,15.8] [7.0,20.5] [7.3,16.2] [6.7,12.8] [12.2,22.7] [10.0,15.8] [6.0,12.0] [8.6,16.9] [8.0,12.9] [3.5,10.9] [3.9,13.9] [4.7,10.9] [5.4,10.5] [6.4,15.3] [6.7,11.4] [7.2,10.6] [10.5,15.3] [9.1,11.8]
  1. Cells that share a letter are not significantly different (p > 0.05, Bonferroni adjusted): lowercase between W/Region; lowercase italic between M/Region; uppercase between Region. † Men are significantly different than women († p < 0.05, †† p < 0.01, ††† p < 0.001). n is the unweighted sample size after removing missing observations