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Table 3 Social participation by population size group and gender

From: Social participation in older women and men: differences in community activities and barriers according to region and population size in Canada

Activity Population size group
Rural Small Medium Large Metropolitan Canada
n = 2620 n = 619 n = 1855 n = 3808 n = 7372 n = 16,274
W M Total W M Total W M Total W M Total W M Total W M Total
% % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
[95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI]
Family / friends 4.7ab 4.6ab 4.7AB 5.3ab 5.6ab 5.4AB 5.4a 5.7a 5.6B 5.3a 5.2a 5.2B 4.4b 4.3b 4.4A 4.8 4.8 4.8
[4.2,5.3] [4.3,4.9] [4.4,5] [4.6,6.0] [4.5,6.6] [4.8,6.1] [5.1,5.8] [5.1,6.4] [5.2,6.0] [5.0,5.6] [4.8,6.0] [5.0,5.5] [4.2,4.6] [4.1,4.5] [4.2,4.5] [4.7,5.0] [4.6,4.9] [4.7,4.9]
Religious 2.9a 2.3a†† 2.6A 2.8a 2.3a 2.6A 3.1a 2.7a 2.9A 2.8a 2.4a 2.6A 2.7a 2.6a 2.6A 2.8 2.5††† 2.7
[2.6,3.2] [2.0,2.6] [2.4,2.8] [2.4,3.0] [1.6,2.9] [2.2,3.0] [2.8,3.4] [2.3,3.1] [2.7,3.0] [2.6,3.0] [2.1,3.0] [2.5,2.8] [2.5,2.8] [2.4,2.8] [2.5,2.8] [2.7,2.9] [2.3,2.6] [2.6,2.7]
Physical 2.0a 2.4ab 2.2A 2.0a 1.7a 1.9A 2.4a 2.9b 2.6A 2.1a 2.6b†† 2.3A 2.3a 2.2ab 2.3A 2.2 2.4 2.3
[1.6,2.4] [1.9,2.9] [1.8,2.5] [1.3,3.0] [1.2,2.1] [1.4,2.4] [2.0,2.8] [2.4,3.4] [2.3,3.0] [1.8,2.3] [2.3,3.0] [2.1,2.5] [2.0,2.5] [2.0,2.5] [2.1,2.4] [2.0,2.3] [2.2,2.6] [2.2,2.4]
Volunteering 1.6a 1.4a 1.5A 1.4a 1.5a 1.4A 1.6a 1.8a 1.7A 1.5a 1.7a 1.6A 1.2a 1.2a 1.2A 1.4 1.4 1.4
[1.2,1.9] [1.1,1.7] [1.3,1.7] [1.0,2.0] [1.1,1.9] [1.2,1.7] [1.2,2.0] [1.3,2.3] [1.4,2.0] [1.3,1.6] [1.4,2.0] [1.4,1.7] [1.1,1.3] [1.0,1.3] [1.1,1.3] [1.3,1.5] [1.3,1.5] [1.3,1.5]
Educational 0.8a 0.8a 0.8A 1.3a 0.9a 1.1A 1.1a 1.0a 1.0A 1.0a 1.0a 1.0A 1.1a 1.0a 1.1A 1.1 1.0 1.0
[0.7,1.0] [0.7,1.0] [0.7,0.9] [0.8,2.0] [0.7,1.1] [0.9,1.4] [0.9,1.2] [0.9,1.1] [0.9,1.0] [0.9,1.1] [0.8,1.0] [0.9,1.0] [1.0,1.3] [0.9,1.1] [1.0,1.2] [1.0,1.1] [0.9,1.0] [1.0,1.1]
Associations 0.8a 0.9a 0.9A 0.8a 0.7a 0.8A 0.8a 0.9a 0.9A 1.0a 1.0a 1.0A 0.8a 0.8a 0.8A 0.9 0.9 0.9
[0.7,1.0] [0.7,1.1] [0.7,1.0] [0.6,1.0] [0.3,1.1] [0.5,1.0] [0.7,1.0] [0.6,1.2] [0.7,1.0] [0.8,1.1] [0.8,1.0] [0.9,1.1] [0.7,1.0] [0.7,0.9] [0.7,0.9] [0.8,0.9] [0.8,0.9] [0.8,0.9]
Clubs 1.0a 1.0a 1.0A 0.7a 1.0a 0.8A 0.8a 1.5a††† 1.1A 0.8a 0.9a 0.9A 0.7a 0.7a 0.7A 0.8 0.9 0.8
[0.8,1.1] [0.7,1.2] [0.8,1.1] [0.4,1.0] [0.4,1.6] [0.5,1.1] [0.7,0.9] [1.0,2.0] [0.9,1.0] [0.7,0.9] [0.8,1.0] [0.8,1.0] [0.6,0.8] [0.6,0.8] [0.6,0.8] [0.7,0.8] [0.8,1.0] [0.8,0.9]
Other recreational 1.7a 1.5a 1.6A 1.9a 1.3a†† 1.6A 1.9a 1.8a 1.9A 1.8a 1.8a 1.8A 1.6a 1.2a†† 1.4A 1.7 1.5†† 1.6
[1.4,2.0] [1.2,1.8] [1.4,1.8] [1.5,2.0] [0.9,1.6] [1.3,1.9] [1.7,2.2] [1.5,2.1] [1.7,2.0] [1.6,2.0] [1.6,2.0] [1.7,2.0] [1.4,1.7] [1.1,1.4] [1.3,1.5] [1.6,1.8] [1.4,1.6] [1.5,1.7]
Total 15.4a 14.5ab 15.0AB 16.0a 14.7ab 15.4AB 16.9a 18.1a 17.4B 16.0a 16.4a 16.2B 14.6a 13.9b 14.3A 15.4 15.1 15.2
[14.2,16.7] [13.4,15.6] [14.1,15.9] [14.3,18.0] [12.8,16.6] [14.2,16.6] [15.8,18.0] [16.5,19.8] [16.5,18.0] [15.4,16.7] [15.4,17.0] [15.6,16.8] [13.8,15.4] [13.2,14.6] [13.7,14.9] [14.9,15.9] [14.6,15.5] [14.9,15.6]
  1. Cells that share a letter are not significantly different (p > 0.05, Bonferroni adjusted): lowercase between W/Population size group; lowercase italic between M/Population size group; uppercase between Population size group. † Men are significantly different than women († p < 0.05, †† p < 0.01, ††† p < 0.001). n is the unweighted sample size after removing missing observations