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Table 1 The 40 Virtual-STEPS tool items and their categories grouped into six domains

From: Assessing the micro-scale environment using Google Street View: the Virtual Systematic Tool for Evaluating Pedestrian Streetscapes (Virtual-STEPS)

Items Categories Publications
Pedestrian Infrastructure
 Presence of a Sidewalk Present-one side/Present-both sides/Not present [13, 22,23,24,25]
 Sidewalk Continuity Yes/No [13, 24, 26]
 Sidewalk Buffer Yes/No [13, 14, 22,23,24, 26, 27]
 Sidewalk Quality Good quality/Bad quality [13, 14, 22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29]
 Pedestrian Signal/Timer Yes/No [13, 22,23,24, 26, 27]
 Pedestrian Crossing Sign Yes/No [22, 24, 28, 29]
 Crosswalk Markings Yes/No [13, 22, 24, 26, 27]
 Benches Yes/No [6, 22, 25,26,27,28, 30, 31]
 Streetlights None/Some/Many [13, 15, 16, 22, 24,25,26,27,28, 32]
 Curb Cuts Yes/No [13, 15, 22,23,24,25,26,27,28]
 Curb Cut Quality Good quality/Bad quality  
 Tactile Paving Yes/No [15, 24, 33]
Traffic Calming and Streets
 Traffic Lights Yes/No [13, 22,23,24, 26, 28, 29, 32]
 Traffic Island Yes/No [22, 27,28,29, 32]
 Stop Lines Yes/No  
 Stops Signs Yes/No [13, 22, 24, 26, 29]
 Curb Extension Yes/No [13, 22,23,24, 28, 29]
 Speed Bump Yes/No [22,23,24, 28, 29]
 Bollards Yes/No [31]
 Number of Traffic Lanes Continuous [13, 16, 23,24,25,26,27,28,29]
 Number of Parking Lanes Continuous [16, 23, 24, 26, 27, 29]
 Driveways None/Some/Many [16, 21, 22, 28]
Building Characteristics
 Building Height N/A/1–2 stories/3–5 stories/6+ stories [6, 13, 22, 28, 30]
 Building Setback N/A/0 m/0-3 m/3-10 m/> 10 m [6, 13, 28, 32, 34]
 Building Design Variation N/A/None/Some/A lot [13, 22, 23, 27, 28, 30, 34, 35]
Transit
 Presence of Transit Yes/No [13, 6, 22, 24,25,26,27, 29]
 Type of Transit Bus/Metro/Train [33]
 Transit Facilities None/Bench or shelter/Both [13, 28]
Bicycling Infrastructure
 Bike Lanes Yes/No [13, 22, 24, 25, 29, 32]
 Bike Buffer Yes/No  
 Bike Facilities Yes/No [16, 23, 29]
Aesthetics/Disorder
 Trees None/Few/Some/Many [13, 15, 16, 22,23,24,25,26,27, 36]
 Shade < 30% of the street /≥30% of the street [22, 27,28,29, 31]
 Nature Areas Yes/No [22, 28, 30, 36]
 Landscaping None/Some/A lot [13, 27, 31]
 Landscape Maintenance Yes/No [6, 13, 23, 24, 27, 31, 33, 36]
 Presence of Litter None/Some/A lot [22,23,24,25,26,27, 29]
 Graffiti None/Some/A lot [13, 15, 16, 22,23,24,25,26,27, 29, 32]
 Broken/Boarded Windows Yes/No [4, 13, 25, 27]
 Attractive Segment Unattractive/Neutral/Attractive [16, 22, 23, 28]