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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 3–5-year-old children and their parents in the BRA-study (n 633)

From: Effects of a cluster randomized controlled kindergarten-based intervention trial on vegetable consumption among Norwegian 3–5-year-olds: the BRA-study

  Control group n 320 Intervention group n 313 Pa
Child gender
 Boy (%) 154 (48.1) 153 (48.9) 0.85
 Girl (%) 166 (51.9) 160 (51.1)
Child year of birth
 2010 (%) 167 (52.2) 164 (52.4) 0.96
 2011 (%) 153 (47.8) 149 (47.6)
Maternal education
 Low (Upper secondary school or less) (%) 86 (29.9) 92 (32.9) 0.44
 High (University college/university) (%) 202 (70.1) 188 (67.1)
Missing (n) 32 33
Kindergarten ownership
 Public (%) 136 (42.5) 180 (57.5) < 0.001
 Private (%) 184 (57.5) 133 (42.5)
Child vegetable intake
 Baseline frequency of vegetable intake (Q1)b (times per day) (mean (SD) 2.9 (1.7) 3.3 (1.9) 0.009
 Baseline variety in vegetable intake (Q1)b (numbers per month) (mean (SD) 10.1 (4.4) 11.0 (4.1) 0.026
 Baseline total vegetable amount (Q2 + direct observation)c (grams per day) (mean (SD) 110.8 (86.2) 127.4 (80.0) 0.102
 Observed baseline vegetable amount (direct observation only)d (grams per day) (mean (SD) 40.0 (39.0) 51.2 (51.8) 0.014
  1. aP = chi square test for categorical variables and independent sample t-test for continuous variables
  2. bcontrol n = 217, intervention n = 222
  3. ccontrol n = 142, intervention n = 129
  4. dcontrol n = 206, intervention n = 205