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Table 4 Distributions of demographics and riding behaviors between 305 child passengers with motorcycle injuries at the emergency department and 193 child passengers in a parking lot of a shopping mall

From: Effects of helmet nonuse and seating position on patterns and severity of injuries in child motorcycle passengers

Characteristic Child passengers in the ED (N = 305) Child passengers in a parking lot (N = 193) p value
No. (%) No. (%)
Child passenger
 Age (mean ± SD, years) 7.1 ±3.5 6.6 ±2.9  
   ≤ 3 77 (25.2) 42 (21.8) 0.021
  4~6 71 (23.3) 67 (34.7)  
   ≥ 7 157 (51.5) 84 (43.5)  
 Sex
  Boy 161 (52.8) 99 (53.5) 0.876
  Girl 144 (47.2) 86 (46.5)  
 Helmet type      
 Unhelmeted 128 (42.9) 77 (40.3) 0.653
 Half-coverage 151 (50.7) 98 (51.3)  
 Full-coverage 19 (11.4) 16 (8.4)  
 Seating position
  In front of the operator 155 (51.0) 109 (56.8) 0.209
  Behind the operator 149 (49.0) 83 (43.2)  
 Multiple passengers
  Yes 125 (41.1) 91 (47.4) 0.170
  No 179 (58.9) 101 (52.6)  
 Riding speed (mean ± SD, km/h) 29.2 ±13.6 42.0 ±12.7 < 0.001
Adult operator
 Age (years) 40.7 ±13.1 36.5 ±5.7 < 0.001
   ≤ 35 102 (39.7) 77 (40.1) < 0.001
  36~50 101 (39.3) 113 (58.9)  
   ≥ 51 54 (21.0) 2 (1.0)  
 Sex
  Male 91 (29.8) 63 (32.6) 0.509
  Female 214 (70.2) 130 (67.4)  
 Educational level
  Elementary or below 42 (17.9) 5 (2.6) < 0.001
  High school 131 (56.0) 90 (46.6)  
  College and above 61 (26.1) 98 (50.8)