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Table 1 Participant characteristics by HIV status

From: Self-harm in young people with perinatal HIV and HIV negative young people in England: cross sectional analysis

  Total (n = 403) PHIV (n = 303) HIV- (n = 100) P value
n (%) or mean {SD} or median [IQR]
Sociodemographics
Male sex 155 (38.5) 124 (40.9) 31 (31.0) 0.077
Age group
  ≤ 15 years 157 (39.0) 115 (38.0) 42 (42.0) 0.541
 16–18 years 160 (39.7) 125 (41.2) 35 (35.0)
  ≥ 19 years 86 (21.3) 63 (20.8) 23 (23.0)
 Age, median [IQR] 16.7 [15.0, 18.6] 16.7 [15.1,18.5] 16.7 [14.5,18.7] 0.770
Black ethnicity 333 (82.6) 260 (85.8) 73 (73.0) 0.003
Born outside UK/Ireland 224 (55.6) 177 (58.4) 47 (47.0) 0.046
Social/ family factors
Live with parents/carers 363 (90.3) 274 (90.7) 89 (89.0) 0.613
Live in original nuclear family 85 (21.1) 69 (22.9) 16 (16.0) 0.146
Parent/carer employed 274 (69.9) 217 (73.6) 57 (58.8) 0.006
Biological parent vital status:
 Both parents alive 249 (65.7) 178 (62.7) 71 (74.7) 0.093
 One parent deceased 112 (29.6) 92 (32.4) 20 (21.1)
 Both parents deceased 18 (4.8) 14 (4.9) 4 (4.2)
Number of carersa 1 [1.0,2.0] 1 [1.0,2.0] 1 [1.0,2.0] 0.297
Ever contact with social services 112 (28.4) 83 (27.8) 29 (30.2) 0.643
Ever contact with educational support services 103 (25.8) 84 (28.0) 19 (19.0) 0.075
Mental health factors
PedsQL HRQL score 76.7 {14.0} 75.6 {13.9} 79.8 {13.7} 0.009
z score −0.7 {1.2} −0.8 {1.2} −0.4 {1.2} 0.007
Rosenberg self-esteem score 20.6 {5.3} 20.6 {5.2} 20.7 {5.5} 0.977
z score −1.9 {1.5} −1.9 {1.5} −1.9 {1.6} 0.953
MMQL body image satisfaction score 64.3 {23.2} 64.4 {22.6} 63.9 {25.2} 0.850
z score −0.2 {0.9} −0.2 {0.8} −0.2 {0.9} 0.850
HADS Depression score 3.8 {3.1} 3.9 {3.1} 3.5 {2.9} 0.245
z score −0.1 {0.8} −0.1 {0.8} 0.0 {0.8} 0.154
HADS Anxiety score 6.4 {4.0} 6.5 {3.9} 6 {4.1} 0.268
z score −0.1 {0.9} 0.0 {0.8} −0.2 {0.9} 0.133
Major life events −0.1 {2.7} 0.0 {2.6} −0.4 {3.0} 0.270
Lifestyle/ behavioural factors
Ever used alcohol 163 (42.5) 120 (41.5) 43 (45.3) 0.522
Ever used cannabis 68 (18.2) 42 (14.8) 26 (28.6) 0.003
Ever used other recreational drugs 15 (4.0) 10 (3.5) 5 (5.5) 0.373
  1. PHIV perinatally-acquired HIV, HIV- HIV negative
  2. anumber of adults taking responsibility for the participant during childhood