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Table 1 Background information relating to intervention (Sep, 2011 – Aug, 2012) and control (Sep, 2009 – Aug, 2010) groups at the Butajira rural health program site

From: Cost-effectiveness of childhood pneumococcal vaccination program in Ethiopia: results from a quasi-experimental evaluation

Variables Intervention Group (n = 876) Control Group (n = 1010) Total (n = 1886) P-value
Freq. (%) Freq. (%) Freq. (%)
Residence
 Rural 607 (69.3) 726 (71.9) 1333 (70.7) 0.218
 Urban 269 (30.7) 284 (28.1) 553 (29.3)
Sex
 Male 449 (51.3) 503 (49.8) 952 (50.5) 0.529
 Female 427 (48.7) 507 (50.2) 934 (49.5)
Place of birth
 Home 623 (71.3) 852 (84.9) 1475 (78.5) <  0.001
 Health center 75 (8.6) 26 (2.6) 101 (5.4)
 Hospital 167 (19.1) 112 (11.2) 279 (14.9)
 Others 9 (1.0) 14 (1.4) 23 (1.2)
 Unknown* 2 (0.2) 6 (0.6) 8 (0.4)
Birth attended by:
 Neighbors 424 (48.4) 539 (53.4) 963 (51.1) <  0.001
 Health professionals 253 (28.9) 138 (13.7) 391 (20.7)
 TBA 75 (8.6) 123 (12.2) 198 (10.5)
 Relatives 71 (8.1) 133 (13.2) 204 (10.8)
 TTBA 46 (5.3) 56 (5.5) 102 (5.4)
 Have no assistant 3 (0.3) 7 (0.7) 10 (0.5)
 Others 4 (0.5) 14 (1.4) 18 (1.0)
Number of pregnancies of their mothers
 1 166 (18.9) 153 (15.1) 319 (16.9) <  0.001
 2–4 321 (36.6) 392 (38.8) 713 (37.8)
  ≥ 5 267 (30.5) 390 (38.6) 657 (34.8)
 Unknown * 122 (13.9) 75 (74) 197 (10.4)
Parity of their mothers
 1 164 (18.7) 146 (14.5) 310 (16.4) < 0.001
 2–4 324 (37.0) 389 (38.5) 713 (37.8)
  ≥ 5 266 (30.4) 400 (39.6) 666 (35.3)
 Unknown * 122 (13.9) 75 (7.4) 197 (10.4)
  1. Notes: TBA- traditional birth attendant, TTBA- trained traditional birth attendant, Freq. – frequency
  2. * = data were not found in HDSS data system