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Table 2 Descriptive analysis and three Poisson regression models comparing the incidence rate ratio (IRR) of attendance and non-attendance at a health check at their general practitioner (GP)

From: Step-wise approach to prevention of chronic diseases in the Danish primary care sector with the use of a personal digital health profile and targeted follow-up – an assessment of attendance

Exposures Patients advised to attend the GP Model 1 - crude Model 2 – age and sex adjusted Model 3 – minimally adjusted
Attenders (N = 110) n (%) Non-attenders (N = 472) n (%) Total (N = 582) n (%) IRR p-value IRR p-value IRR p-value
Age
 29–44a 5 (5) 44 (9) 49 (8) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 45–60 105 (95) 428 (91) 533(92) 2.36 [0.91;6.14] 0.077 2.44 [0.93;6.35] 0.069 2.44 [0.93;6.35] 0.069
Sex
 Malea 50 (45) 269 (57) 319 (55) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Female 60 (55) 203 (43) 263 (45) 1.48 [1.05;2.08] 0.024 1.48 [1.05;2.08] 0.026 1.48 [1.05;2.08] 0.026
Country of origin
 Danisha 105 (95) 462 (98) 567 (97) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Non-Danish 5 (5) 10 (2) 15 (3) 1.81 [0.87;3.79] 0.113 1.83 [0.90;3.74] 0.097 1.86 [0.91;3.80] 0.091
Employment status
 Employedb 97 (88) 424 (90) 521 (90) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Unemployed 13 (12) 48 (10) 61 (10) 1.15 [0.69;1.93] 0.585 1.08 [0.64;1.84] 0.776 1.13 [0.66;1.92] 0.657
Relative povertyb 9 (8) 52 (11) 61 (10) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Other 101 (92) 420 (89) 521 (90) 1.30 [0.69;2.44] 0.409 1.27 [0.68;2.39] 0.455 1.22 [0.66;2.26] 0.524
Educational attainment
 Secondary and high schoolb 22 (20) 109 (23) 131 (23) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Vocational training and higher education 88 (80) 363 (77) 451 (77) 1.15 [0.75;1.76] 0.517 1.19 [0.78;1.82] 0.428 1.16 [0.76;1.77] 0.499
Cohabitational status
 Cohabitingb 86 (78) 372 (79) 458 (79) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Single 24 (22) 100 (21) 124 (21) 1.04 [0.69;1.56] 0.848 1.06 [0.71;1.59] 0.783 1.06 [0.71;1.59] 0.779
Smoking status
 smokerb 15 (14) 68 (14) 83 (14) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Non-smoker 95 (86) 404 (86) 499 (86) 1.04 [0.64;1.71] 0.863 1.05 [0.64;1.72] 0.841 1.06 [0.65;1.73] 0.819
Alcohol consumption
 above low riskb 13 (12) 59 (13) 72 (12) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Low risk 97 (88) 413 (87) 510 (88) 1.04 [0.62;1.76] 0.871 1.10 [0.65;1.85] 0.727 1.07 [0.63;1.80] 0.803
Diet
 Not unhealthyb 29 (26) 103 (22) 132 (23) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Unhealthy 81 (74) 369 (78) 450 (77) 0.81 [0.56;1.18] 0.278 0.77 [0.48;1.06] 0.093 0.70 [0.47;1.04] 0.075
Physical activity
 Sedentaryb 29 (26) 73 (15) 102 (18) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Active 81 (74) 399 (85) 480 (82) 0.61 [0.42;0.88] 0.009 0.61 [0.42;0.88] 0.008 0.62 [0.42;0.90] 0.012
Body mass index
 > 30c 63 (57) 290 (61) 353 (61) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 < 30 47 (43) 182 (39) 229 (39) 0.88 [0.63;1.25] 0.482 0.92 [0.64;1.32] 0.632 0.97 [0.67;1.40] 0.860
Health-risk behaviours
 Two or moreb 12 (11) 32 (7) 44 (8) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 One or none 98 (89) 440 (93) 538 (92) 0.66 [0.40;1.11] 0.117 0.60 [0.35;1.01] 0.054 0.61 [0.36;1.05] 0.073
Self-rated health
 Fair or poorb 93 (85) 413 (88) 506 (87) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Good, very good, excellent 17 (15) 59 (12) 76 (13) 0.86 [0.54;1.38] 0.536 0.89 [0.55;1.42] 0.612 0.88 [0.54;1.45] 0.613
Mental well-beingb 24.2 24.4 24.4 0.99 [0.94;1.04] 0.573 0.98 [0.94;1.04] 0.552 0.99 [0.94;1.04] 0.575
Self-efficacyd 29.4 30.5 30.3 0.96 [0.93;0.99] 0.013 0.97 [0.94;1.00] 0.035 0.96 [0.93;1.00] 0.025
Beliefs in a healthy lifestyleb 13.2 13.1 13.1 1.03 [0.94;1.14] 0.503 1.00 [0.91;1.11] 0.942 1.00 [0.91;1.10] 0.997
Appointment at the GP in the past two years
 Yesb 97 (88) 389 (82) 486 (84) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 No 13 (12) 83 (18) 96 (16) 0.68 [0.40;1.17] 0.095 0.75 [0.44;1.30] 0.310 0.76 [0.44;1.31] 0.322
Health check in the past two yearsa 79 (72) 351 (74) 430 (74) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 No health check 31 (28) 121 (24) 152 (26) 0.89 [0.61;1.29] 0.546 0.89 [0.62;1.30] 0.557 0.89 [0.62;1.30] 0.557
  1. Model 3 – minimal adjustment
  2. aNo adjustment
  3. bAge, sex, country of origin, education
  4. cAge, sex, country of origin, education, occupation, income, cohabitation, smoking, alcohol, diet, exercise
  5. dAge, sex, country of origin, education, occupation, income, beliefs in a healthy lifestyle