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Table 5 Risky Sexual Behaviors by Intervention vs. Comparison Group and Key Population

From: Effectiveness of community outreach HIV prevention programs in Vietnam: a mixed methods evaluation

  Have ever used a condom n (%) Among those who ever used a condom, always (100%) uses a condom n (%) When having sex with primary partner in last 6 months, always (100%) used a condom n (%) When having sex with casual partners in last 6 months, always (100%) used a condom n (%) When having sex with client in last 6 months, always (100%) used a condom n (%) Among condom users, always carries condoms n (%)
Overall Control Intervention Comparison P Value Overall Intervention Comparison P Value Overall Intervention Comparison P Value Overall Intervention Comparison P Value Overall Intervention Comparison P Value Overall Intervention Comparison l P Value
ALL 2040/2199 1044/1100 996/1099 0.004** 765/2040 421/1044 344/996 0.001** 411/1403 245/737 166/666 0.0003*** 316/2199 180/1100 136/1099 0.01* 873/1370 476/681 397/689 < 0.01** 931/2040 519/1044 412/996 < 0.01**
(92.8) (94.9) (90.6) (37.5) (40.3) (34.5) (29.3) (33.24) (24.9) (14.4) (16.4) (12.4) (63.7) (69.9) (57.6) (45.6) (49.7) (41.4)
PWID (n = 694) 572/694 313/358 259/336 0.001** 179/572 108/313 71/259 0.05 88/368 57/205 31/163 0.04* 46/694 30/358 16/336 0.01* 71/128 48/78 23/50 0.09 195/572 115/313 80/259 0.16
(82.4) (87.4) (77.1) (31.3) (34.5) (27.4) (23.9) (27.8) (19.0) (6.6) (8.4) (4.8) (55.5) (61.5) (46.0) (34.1) (36.7) (30.9)
MSM (n = 337) 312/337 149/161 163/176 0.98 115/312 60/149 55/163 0.16 94/263 50/125 44/138 0.32 125/337 68/161 57/176 0.01* 56/131 25/55 31/76 0.05 96/312 50/149 46/163 0.31
(92.6) (92.5) (92.6) (36.8) (40.3) (33.7) (35.7) (40.0) (31.9) (37.1) (42.2) (32.3) (42.7) (45.5) (40.8) (30.8) (33.6) (28.2)
CSW (n = 1367) 1340/1367 672/680 668/687 0.03* 519/1340 281/672 238/668 0.01* 257/931 152/481 105/450 0.01* 171/1367 96/680 75/687 0.09 872/1367 475/680 397/687 < 0.01** 687/1340 376/672 311/668 < 0.01**
(98.0) (98.8) (97.2) (38.7) (41.8) (35.6) (27.6) (31.6) (23.3) (12.5) (14.1) (10.9) (63.8) (69.9) (57.8) (51.3) (55.9) (46.6)
CSW sub-groups
 SSW (n = 594) 588/594 300/300 288/294 0.01* 242/588 128/300 114/288 0.23 112/380 152/481 48/186 0.58 56/594 33/300 23/294 0.11 403/594 223/300 180/294 < 0.01
**
354/588 195/300 159/288 0.02*
(98.9) (100.0) (98.0) (41.1) (42.6) (39.6) (29.5) (31.6) (25.8) (9.4) (11.0) (7.8) (67.8) (74.3) (61.2) (60.2) (65.0) (55.2)
 KSW (n = 599) 592/599 299/300 293/299 0.05 231/582 128/299 103/293 0.01* 109/414 70/224 39/140 0.03* 63/599 36/300 27/299 0.18 389/599 211/300 178/299 0.01* 284/592 155/299 129/293 0.06
(98.8) (99.6) (97.9) (39.7) (42.8) (35.2) (26.3) (31.3) (27.9) (10.5) (12.0) (9.0) (64.9) (70.3) (59.5) (47.9) (51.8) (44.0)
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05; **Significant at p < 0.01; ***Significant at p < 0.001