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Table 2 Comparison of children’s variables by age categories

From: The double burden of malnutrition in a rural health and demographic surveillance system site in South Africa: a study of primary schoolchildren and their mothers

Variables All N = 508 Median(IQR) 6 - 9 years N = 254 Median(IQR) 10 - 15 years N = 254 Median(IQR) P-Value
Age (years) 9.6 (8; 11) 7.7 (7; 9) 11.5 (10; 13) ≤ 0.0001*
Weight (kg) 31.1 (22.7; 36) 24.8 (20.6; 26.8) 37.3 (30.1; 43.8) ≤ 0.0001*
Height (cm) 135.5 (124; 145,2) 125.9 (119; 131) 145,1(137.4; 152) ≤ 0.0001*
MUAC (cm) 176.5 (155;190) 176.9 (155; 190) 176.5 (155; 190) 0.57
BMI (kg/cm2) 16.5 (14.6; 17.6) 15.5 (14.2; 16;2) 17.5 (15.4; 18,7) ≤0.0001*
BMIZ −0.4 (− 1.0; 0.4) −0.4 (− 1.0; 0.3) −0.4 (− 1.0; 0.5) 0.47
  1. * indicates significance