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Table 5 Associations between socioeconomic, health-related and demographic variables and the participation in sPA in winter and summer seasons

From: Seasonality of physical activity and its association with socioeconomic and health factors among urban-dwelling adults of Kaunas, Lithuania

Characteristics Winter Summer
Crude OR (95% CI) aORb (95% CI) Crude OR (95% CI) aORb (95% CI)
Socioeconomic variables
 Unemployed (vs workers) 5.72* (3.29–9.95) 2.03 (0.45–9.08) 4.50* (2.95–6.85) 3.14* (1.11–8.87)
 Lower educational level (vs higher) 1.10 (0.68–1.77) 0.58 (0.19–1.74) 1.15 (0.78–1.69) 0.90 (0.41–2.01)
 Income ≤1000 (vs > 1000) 2.10* (1.11–3.97) 2.76 (0.27–27.89) 2.34* (1.34–4.07) 1.28 (0.38–4.39)
 Car disposal (vs no car disposal) 0.11* (0.06–0.21) 0.07* (0.01–0.64) 0.19* (0.12–0.30) 0.21* (0.08–0.60)
Health-related variables
 BMIa 0.96 (0.87–1.06) 0.85* (0.74–0.98) 0.92* (0,86–0.99) 0.86* (0.78–0.95)
 Chronic disease (vs no chronic disease) 1.67* (1.05–2.67) 0.85 (0.21–3.40) 1.29 (0.88–1.90) 0.47 (0.18–1.26)
 Smokers (vs non-smokers) 0.55* (0.31–0.99) 1.54 (0.35–6.79) 0.56* (0.35–0.89) 0.63 (0.21–1.96)
 Alcohol consumption (vs no) 0.60* (0.37–0.96) 0.71 (0.19–2.71) 0.61* (0.41–0.89) 0.59 (0.23–1.49)
Demographic variables
 Age group
 46–64 (vs ≤45) 1.23 (0.64–2.36) 2.81 (0.50–16.22) 1.15 (0.71–1.87) 1.76 (0.55–5.63)
  ≥ 65 (vs ≤45) 4.75* (2.72–8.31) 3.02 (0.39–23.22) 3.03* (1.93–4.77) 1.66 (0.44–6.28)
 Women (vs men) 1.54 (0.94–2.52) 0.85 (0.22–3.31) 0.98 (0.66–1.43) 0.45 (0.19–1.08)
 Single (vs married) 1.38 (0.87–2.21) 1.26 (0.39–4.06) 1.16 (0.79–1.71) 0.53 (0.23–1.21)
 Children (<  18 y)a 0.61* (0.41–0.90) 2.12 (0.74–6.08) 0.57* (0.41–0.79) 0.96 (0.43–2.14)
  1. a continuous variable
  2. b each independent variable is adjusted for all the other independent variables
  3. *p < 0.05