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Table 4 The mediating effects of frequency of physical activity (Model 5), frequency of social interaction with neighbours (Model 6) and volunteering experience (Model 7) on the relationship between neighbourhood social reciprocity and CES-D score; the multiple mediation effect (Model 8); the conditional effects of neighbourhood social reciprocity depending on the effects of the mediators; three-level multilevel longitudinal models (n = 24,620 in 450 neighbourhoods)

From: Neighborhood social reciprocity and mental health among older adults in China: the mediating effects of physical activity, social interaction, and volunteering

  Model 5 Model 6 Model 7 Model 8 Model 9
Mediation variable (log) Physical activity Frequency of social interactions with neighbours The odds of having volunteering experience Multiple mediation Conditional mediation
Beta (SE) Beta (SE) Beta (SE) Beta (SE) Beta (SE)
(Log) physical activity −0.035*** 0.008      − 0.032*** 0.008 − 0.034*** 0.009
Frequency of social interaction (neighbours)    −0.234*** 0.031    −0.227*** 0.031 −0.226*** 0.031
Volunteering (ref: no)      −0.736*** 0.209 −0.663*** 0.209 −0.707*** 0.228
High social reciprocity (ref: low social reciprocity) −0.169** 0.084 −0.047** 0.022 −0.127** 0.064 −0.101** 0.050 −0.104** 0.050
Neighbourhood social reciprocity −0.577** 0.282 −0.581** 0.287 −0.562** 0.280 −0.540** 0.269 −0.569** 0.272
Cross-level interaction terms
 Neighbourhood social reciprocity × (log) physical activities    −0.432** 0.211
 Neighbourhood social reciprocity × frequency of social interactions with neighbours    −0.211** 0.098
Neighbourhood social reciprocity × Volunteering (ref: no)   −1.047 2.049
 Akaike information criterion (AIC) 154,453.000 154,450.100 154,471.600 154,421.100 154,423.200
  1. Models were fully adjusted. SE standard error. * = p < .10, ** = p < .05, *** = p < .01