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Table 4 The Relationship of Minimum Wage to Access to Care, Health Behaviors and Health Outcomes

From: Examining the association of changes in minimum wage with health across race/ethnicity and gender in the United States

  Access to care Health Behaviors Health Outcomes
% Point Difference in No Health Insurance
N = 869,908
% Point Difference in Missed Care due to Cost
N = 822,864
% Point Difference in No Exercise
N = 781,929
Fruit Consumption
(rate ratio)
N = 446,162
Vegetable consumption
(rate ratio)
N = 443,602
Alcohol Consumption
(rate ratio)
N = 554,781
% Point Difference in Self-Reported Fair/Poor Health
N = 869,457
% Point Difference In Self-Reported HTN
N = 474,408
Unhealthy Days
(rate ratio)
N = 858,345
Poor Mental Health Days
(rate ratio)
N = 848,897
Poor Physical Health Days
(rate ratio)
N = 849,354
Adjusted Wage Ratio (MW) -.02 -.01 .00 1.03 1.05 1.01 .00 .01 1.03 1.04 1.03
Female −.04 .01 .03 1.15 1.07 .60 −.00 −.00 1.61 1.75 1.49
Black −.10 −.04 .04 1.09 1.55 1.16 .01 .06 .85 .84 .92
Latino .25 −.04 .27 1.70 .55 .71 .19 −.04 .55 .58 .59
Female*Black .09 .01 .09 .92 .99 .71 −.02 .03 .96 .92 .89
Female *Latino −.06 .20 −.00 .74 1.10 .96 −.03 .08 1.17 1.06 1.15
MW*Female .00 .01 .00 1.01 1.01 .99 .00 −.01 .98 .98 .97
MW*Black .02 .01 −.00 1.00 .92 .96 .00 −.00 1.02 1.02 1.02
MW*Latino −.01 .01 −.03 .96 1.05 .99 −.01 −.00 1.06 1.03 1.06
MW*Female*
Black
−.02 −.00 −.00 1.01 .99 1.04 .01 .01 .99 .99 1.00
MW*Female*
Latino
.00 −.03 .00 1.04 1.00 .97 .01 −.00 .98 .99 .99
  1. The data source is BRFSS (1993–2014 panels). Linear Probability Models and Poisson Regression Models are used to examine dichotomous and count outcomes, respectively. All models control for state earned income tax credit rate, refundability of state earned income tax credit, Maximum food stamp allotment for a family of 3 maximum TANF allotment for a family of 3, 1-year lagged GDP, comprehensive Medicaid expansion, age, marital status, education and having minor children, and year as well as state fixed-effects. All models are weighted for complex survey design and non-response. Standard errors are robust and clustered at the state level. Results of LPMs and PRMs are presented as percentage point differences in the probability of an outcome and Rate Ratios, respectively. All monetary values are inflation-adjusted. Boldface indicates statistical significance. Significance levels: *(access to care: p-value-.025, health behaviors: p-value-.0125, and health outcomes: p-value .010)