Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with minimum dietary diversity in India, 2015–16 National Family and Health Survey

From: Prevalence and factors associated with complementary feeding practices among children aged 6–23 months in India: a regional analysis

Characteristics North South East West Central North Eastern
aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI]
Type of Caste or tribe
 Scheduled Caste 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Scheduled tribe 1.12(0.82,1.51)   1.02(0.83,1.26)   1.50(1.24,1.81) *  
 Other backward class 0.71(0.59,0.85) *   0.85(0.73,0.99) *   1.02(0.89,1.17)  
 Others 1.09(0.90,1.31)   1.24(1.01,1.50)   1.02(0.86,1.21)  
Household Wealth Index
 Poorest 1.00    1.00 1.00 1.00
 Poorer 1.46(1.07,2.00) *    1.06(0.71,1.60) 1.17(1.01,1.35) * 1.05(0.84,1.32)
 Middle 2.19(1.61,2.99) *    0.93(0.65,1.40) 1.35(1.13,1.61) * 1.06(0.84,1.35)
 Richer 2.34(1.70,3.23) *    1.68(1.10,2.54) * 1.45(1.21,1.74) * 1.42(1.06,1.91) *
 Richest 2.54(1.82,3.55) *    1.62(1.06,2.52) * 1.66(1.36,2.02) * 1.52(1.07,2.18) *
Mother’s religion
 Hindu 1.00 1.00 1.00    1.00
 Muslim 2.36(1.96,2.83) * 0.70(0.56,0.88) * 1.32(1.10,1.58) *    0.85(0.68,1.05)
 Christianity and others 0.88(0.70,1.10) 0.89(0.65,1.22) 0.97(0.70,1.34)    1.58(1.35,1.85) *
Mother’s education
 No education 1.00     1.00  
 Primary 0.89(0.69,1.14)     1.16(0.94,1.43)  
 Secondary and above 1.42(1.15,1.75) *     1.46(1.13,1.90) *  
Mother’s literacy
 No   1.00   1.00   
 Yes   0.46(0.37,0.57)*   1.28(1.01,1.62) *   
Mother’s age
 15–24 years 1.00     1.00  
 25–34 years 2.25(1.41,3.58) *     1.41(1.04,1.91) *  
 35–49 years 2.61(1.15,1.75) *     1.63(1.14,2.33) *  
Power over earning
 Husband 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Woman 1.09(0.89,1.33) 1.29(1.07,1.56) * 1.13(0.93,1.37) 1.14(0.77,1.68) 1.01(0.86,1.19) 0.89(0.72,1.11)
Power over household purchases
 Husband 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Woman 1.13(0.94,1.36) 1.26(1.05,1.51) * 1.08(0.91,1.29) 0.91(0.64,1.29) 0.98(0.85,1.14) 0.86(0.70,1.05)
Birth order
 First-born 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00   1.00
 2nd-4th 1.15(1.01,1.32) * 1.15(1.01,1.31) * 1.26(1.11,1.43) * 1.36(1.08,1.72) *   1.41(1.21,1.64) *
 5 or more 0.76(0.52,1.10) 0.90(0.47,1.71) 1.08(0.86,1.36) 1.10(0.57,2.14)   1.05(0.78,1.40)
Perceived Size of baby
 Small 1.00 1.00   1.00 1.00 1.00
 Average 0.77(0.62,0.96) * 0.76(0.61,0.96) *   0.65(0.46,0.92) * 1.22(1.05,1.41) * 0.75(0.59,0.94) *
 Large 0.83(0.63,1.10) 0.83(0.65,1.07)   0.82(0.57,1.18) 1.40(1.16,1.69) * 0.98(0.75,1.28)
Type of delivery assistance
 Health professional 1.00 1.00   1.00 1.00  
 Traditional birth attendants 1.15(0.86,1.54) 0.26(0.12,0.53) *   1.15(0.98,1.35) *   
 Other untrained personnel 1.42(1.15,1.75) * 1.02(0.81,1.29)    1.16(1.03,1.31) *  
Antenatal clinic visits
 None 1.00 1.00 1.00   1.00  
 1–3 0.72(0.55,0.95) * 0.59(0.42,0.82) * 0.85(0.74,0.98) *   0.81(0.70,0.94) *  
 4+ 0.90(0.69,1.19) 0.75(0.56,0.99) * 1.26(1.08,1.48) *   1.01(0.86,1.18)  
Listens to radio
 Not at all 1.00     1.00  
 Yes 1.27(1.05,1.52) *     1.19(1.03,1.37) *  
Watches television
 Not at all    1.00    
 Yes    1.31(1.15,1.49) *    
Reads newspaper or magazine
 Not at all     1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes     1.50(1.15,1.95) * 1.15(1.00,1.32) * 1.27(1.08,1.50) *
  1. Statistically significant (95% confidence intervals and P < 0.05*) study variables from multivariable models are shown. In the model of child factors, adjustments were made for maternal, household, health service and community factors. A similar approach was used for maternal, household, health service and community factors that adjusted for respective factors in multivariable models