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Table 2 Factors associated with introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods in India, 2015–16 National Family and Health Survey

From: Prevalence and factors associated with complementary feeding practices among children aged 6–23 months in India: a regional analysis

Characteristics North South East West Central North Eastern
aOR[95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI]
Residence
 Rural     1.00   
 Urban     1.51 (1.10, 2.07)*   
Type of Caste or tribe
 Scheduled Caste 1.00      1.00
 Scheduled tribe 0.62 (0.43, 0.88)*      1.69 (1.09, 2.61) *
 Other backward class 0.90 (0.73, 1.12)      1.18 (0.71, 1.98)
 Others 1.02 (0.82, 1.28)      1.42 (0.88, 2.29)
Household Wealth Index
 Poorest 1.00   1.00    
 Poorer 1.42 (0.99, 2.04)   1.26 (1.03, 1.53)*    
 Middle 1.38 (0.96, 1.96)   1.24 (0.96, 1.61)    
 Richer 1.50 (1.06, 3.13)*   1.15 (0.85, 1.55)    
 Richest 1.72 (1.23, 1.92)*   1.23 (0.78, 1.92)    
Mother’s education
 No education      1.00  
 Primary      1.09 (0.91, 1.32)  
 Secondary and above      1.18 (1.02,1.37)*  
Mother’s age
 15–24 years     1.00 1.00  
 25–34 years     0.53 (0.27, 1.02) 0.41 (0.31, 0.54)*  
 35–49 years     0.22 (0.08, 0.64)* 0.33 (0.22, 0.51)*  
Power over earning
 Husband 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 woman 0.94 (0.72, 1.24) 1.02 (0.78, 1.34) 1.04 (0.80, 1.36) 1.29 (0.84, 1.98) 0.84 (0.69, 1.01) 1.23 (0.83, 1.83)
Power over household purchases
 Husband 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 woman 1.01 (0.79, 1.29) 1.03 (0.80, 1.32) 1.15 (0.90, 1.48) 1.43 (0.96, 2.13) 0.86 (0.72, 1.03) 1.24 (0.88, 1.77)
Birth order
 First-born      1.00  
 2nd-4th      1.28 (1.11, 1.6)*  
 5 or more      1.47 (1.14, 1.89)*  
Type of delivery assistance
 Health professional   1.00     
 Traditional birth attendant   0.30 (0.12, 0.78)*     
 Other untrained   0.67 (0.45, 1.00)     
Antenatal clinic visits
 None    1.00   1.00  
 1–3    1.01 (0.82, 1.25)   1.38 (1.15, 1.64) *  
 4+    1.38 (1.12, 1.72)*   1.80 (1.49, 2.17) *  
Listens to radio
 Not at all       1.00
 Yes       1.48 (1.15, 1.92) *
Watches television
 Not at all       1.00
 Yes       1.30 (1.01, 1.69) *
  1. Statistically significant (95% confidence intervals and P < 0.05*) study variables from multivariable models are shown. In the model of child factors, adjustments were made for maternal, household, health service and community factors. A similar approach was used for maternal, household, health service and community factors that adjusted for respective factors in multivariable models