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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population by region in India, 2015–16 National Family and Health Survey

From: Prevalence and factors associated with complementary feeding practices among children aged 6–23 months in India: a regional analysis

Characteristic North (n = 8469) South (n = 12,828) East (n = 18,141) West (n = 8940) Central (n = 18,664) North Eastern (n = 2422)
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Child Characteristics
 Sex of baby
  Male 4571 54.0 6664 52.0 9443 52.1 4680 52.4 9949 53.3 1254 51.8
  Female 3898 46.0 6164 48.1 8698 48.0 4259 47.7 8715 46.7 1168 48.2
 Age of child (months)
  6–11 2945 34.8 4427 34.5 6308 34.8 3215 36.0 6761 36.2 787 32.5
  12–17 2915 34.4 4262 33.2 6082 33.5 2996 33.5 6120 32.8 876 36.2
  18–23 2608 30.8 4139 32.3 5751 31.7 2729 30.5 5782 31.0 760 31.4
 Birth order
  First-born 3246 38.3 5547 43.2 6583 36.3 3702 41.4 6091 32.6 978 40.4
  2nd-4th 4742 56.0 7176 55.9 10,133 55.9 5020 56.2 10,586 56.7 1263 52.2
  5 or more 481 5.7 105 0.8 1425 7.9 217 2.4 1986 10.6 181 7.5
 Perceived Size of baby
  Small 871 10.4 1027 8.0 2339 13.1 1043 11.7 2692 14.6 313 13.7
  Average 6387 76.4 7976 62.5 11,821 66.0 5711 64.2 13,266 71.9 1493 65.5
  Large 1105 13.2 3764 29.5 3742 20.9 2139 24.1 2505 13.6 474 20.8
 Preceeding birth interval
  no previous birth 3270 38.6 5604 43.7 6624 36.5 3718 41.6 6130 32.8 981 40.5
   < 24 months 1379 16.3 1993 15.5 2833 15.6 1305 14.6 3530 18.9 225 9.3
   > 24 months 3820 45.1 5231 40.8 8683 47.9 3916 43.8 9004 48.2 1216 50.2
Maternal Characteristics
 Mother’s age
  15–24 years 231 2.7 569 4.4 1352 7.5 465 5.2 487 2.6 183 7.5
  25–34 years 7763 91.7 11,885 92.7 15,607 86.0 8138 91.0 16,874 90.4 2007 82.8
  35–49 years 475 5.6 373 2.9 1182 6.5 337 3.8 1303 7.0 233 9.6
 Mother’s education
  No education 2406 28.4 1457 11.4 6860 37.8 1183 13.2 6524 35.0 473 19.5
  Primary 1217 14.4 1109 8.6 2669 14.7 1072 12.0 2890 15.5 406 16.8
  Secondary and above 4846 57.2 10,261 80.0 8612 47.5 6685 74.8 9249 49.6 1543 63.7
 Mother’s literacy
  No 5772 68.5 10,873 85.3 10,343 58.0 7268 81.8 11,068 59.6 1818 75.2
  Yes 2650 31.5 1874 14.7 7503 42.0 1617 18.2 7505 40.4 599 24.8
 Employment
  did not work 1361 88.4 2169 87.0 2673 90.0 1491 82.1 2626 86.3 358 89.4
  worked 179 11.6 325 13.0 296 10.0 324 17.9 417 13.7 43 10.6
 Mother’s religion
  Hindu 6320 74.6 10,479 81.7 14,093 77.7 7051 78.9 15,587 83.5 1128 46.6
  Muslim 1300 15.4 1584 12.4 3508 19.3 1269 14.2 2994 16.0 781 32.2
  Christianity and others 849 10.0 764 6.0 540 3.0 620 6.9 83 0.4 514 21.2
 Power over earnings
  Husband 7473 88.2 11,302 88.1 16,290 89.8 7862 87.9 16,670 89.3 2145 88.5
  Woman 996 11.8 1526 11.9 1851 10.2 1077 12.1 1994 10.7 278 11.5
 Power over household purchases
  Husband 7275 85.9 10,908 85 15,817 87.1 7420 83 16,292 87.3 2088 86.2
  Woman 1194 14.1 1919 15 2323 12.8 1519 17 2372 12.7 334 13.8
 Type of Caste or tribe
  Scheduled caste 2147 25.4 2977 23.2 4117 22.7 1448 16.2 4160 22.3 215 8.9
  Scheduled tribe 755 8.9 746 5.8 1904 10.5 1378 15.4 1802 9.7 696 28.7
  other backward class 3160 37.3 7187 56.0 7580 41.8 2707 30.3 9466 50.7 450 18.6
  other1 2407 28.4 1917 15.0 4539 25.0 3406 38.1 3235 17.3 1061 43.8
Family/household characteristics
 Marital status
  Currently married 8421 99.5 12,717 99.2 18,006 99.4 8857 99.2 18,517 99.3 2377 98.3
  Formerly married (divorced/separated/widow) 41 0.5 107 0.8 111 0.6 71 0.8 134 0.7 42 1.7
 Household Wealth Index
  Poorest 876 10.3 562 4.4 8217 45.3 876 9.8 5784 31.0 593 24.5
  Poorer 1296 15.3 1976 15.4 4699 25.9 1612 18.0 4469 23.9 942 38.9
  Middle 1711 20.2 3777 29.4 2769 15.3 2192 24.5 3280 17.6 479 19.8
  Richer 1930 22.8 3900 30.4 1731 9.5 2324 26.0 2720 14.6 281 11.6
  Richest 2656 31.4 2613 20.4 725 4.0 1936 21.7 2411 12.9 127 5.2
 Reads newspaper or magazine
  Not at all 5245 61.9 6246 48.7 14,180 78.2 5081 56.8 13,639 73.1 1784 73.6
  Yes 3224 38.1 6582 51.3 3961 21.8 3859 43.2 5025 26.9 639 26.4
 Listens to radio
  Not at all 7393 87.3 10,955 85.4 15,878 87.5 7775 87.0 16,255 87.1 2077 85.7
  Yes 1075 12.7 1873 14.6 2262 12.5 1165 13.0 2409 12.9 346 14.3
 Watches television
  Not at all 1669 19.7 841 6.6 8786 48.4 1536 17.2 7134 38.2 893 36.9
  Yes 6799 80.3 11,986 93.4 9354 51.6 7403 82.8 11,530 61.8 1530 63.2
Health Service characteristics
 Antenatal clinic visits
  None 961 11.4 806 6.3 4719 26.0 862 9.6 3789 20.3 357 14.8
  1–3 3121 36.9 2038 15.9 6133 33.8 1595 17.8 8848 47.4 870 35.9
  4+ 4386 51.8 9983 77.8 7289 40.2 6483 72.5 6026 32.3 1195 49.4
 Place of delivery
  Home 1002 11.8 466 3.6 4734 26.1 715 8.0 4615 24.7 691 28.5
  Health facility 1767 88.2 12,362 96.4 13,407 73.9 8224 92.0 14,049 75.3 1731 71.5
 Type of delivery assistance
  Health professional 6899 81.7 11,477 89.6 11,130 61.9 7031 79.2 10,710 57.7 1694 71.2
  Traditional birth attendants. 598 7.1 274 2.1 2873 16.0 320 3.6 2282 12.3 267 11.2
  Other untrained 946 11.2 1060 8.3 3984 22.2 1525 17.2 5557 30.0 420 17.7
 Mode of delivery
  Vaginal 6976 82.4 7795 60.8 15,472 85.3 7006 78.4 16,708 89.5 2046 84.4
  Caesarean 1492 17.6 5033 39.2 2669 14.7 1934 21.6 1956 10.5 377 15.6
Community level factor
 Residence
  Urban 2881 34.0 5265 41.0 3046 16.8 3869 43.3 4191 22.5 347 14.3
  Rural 5588 66.0 7563 59.0 15,095 83.2 5071 56.7 14,472 77.5 2076 85.7
  1. n = weighted counts
  2. other1 - Includes Jews, Parsis/Zoroastrians, those following “other” religions, and those with no religion