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Table 1 Characteristics of Chinese pilgrims to Hajj by hypertension (n = 1465)

From: A cross-sectional study on factors associated with hypertension and genetic polymorphisms of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in Chinese hui pilgrims to hajj

Characteristic Hypertension P value
Normal Cases Overall
Number of participants 777 (53.0) 688 (47.0) 1465 (100)  
Age (years) 54.5 ± 9.2 59.8 ± 8.8 57 ± 9.4 < 0.01
  ≤ 40 43 (5.5) 10 (1.5) 53 (3.6) < 0.01
 41–50 226 (29.1) 95 (13.8) 321 (21.9)
 51–60 311 (40.0) 247 (35.9) 558 (38.1)
  > 60 197 (25.4) 336 (48.8) 533 (36.4)
Sex
 Male 425 (54.7) 408 (59.3) 833 (56.9) 0.08
 Female 352 (45.3) 280 (40.7) 632 (43.1)
Marital statusƚ     0.56
 Married 774 (99.6) 686 (99.7) 1460 (99.7)
 Others 3 (0.4) 2 (0.3) 5 (0.3)
Education (years)
  ≤ 6 339 (43.6) 336 (48.8) 675 (46.1) 0.10
 7–9 256 (32.9) 198 (28.8) 454 (31)
 10–12 110 (14.2) 82 (11.9) 192 (13.1)
  > 12 72 (9.3) 72 (10.5) 144 (9.8)
Occupation
 Officer/technician 60 (7.7) 79 (11.5) 139 (9.5) < 0.01
 Tradesman 120 (15.4) 63 (9.2) 183 (12.5)
 Farmer 405 (52.1) 353 (51.3) 758 (51.7)
 Others 192 (24.7) 193 (28.1) 385 (26.3)
Family income per month (CNY)
  < 2500 267 (34.4) 257 (37.4) 524 (35.8) 0.15
 2500–3499 168 (21.6) 147 (21.4) 315 (21.5)
 3500–4500 68 (8.8) 75 (10.9) 143 (9.8)
  > 4500 274 (35.3) 209 (30.4) 483 (33.0)
Height (cm) 162.5 ± 7.9 162.2 ± 8 162.4 ± 7.9 0.45
Weight (kg) 67.3 ± 11.3 69 ± 11.4 68.1 ± 11.4 < 0.01
SBP (mmHg) 126.6 ± 10.2 150.3 ± 8.9 137.7 ± 15.2 < 0.01
DBP (mmHg) 73.3 ± 13.3 79.4 ± 18.9 76.2 ± 16.4 < 0.01
FPG (mmol/L) 6.8 ± 1.4 7.2 ± 1.6 7 ± 1.5 < 0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 25.4 ± 3.4 26.1 ± 3.3 25.8 ± 3.4 < 0.01
 Underweight (< 18.5) 11 (1.4) 4 (0.6) 15 (1) < 0.01
 Normal (18.5–24.99) 345 (44.4) 250 (36.3) 595 (40.6)
 Overweight (25–29.9) 353 (45.4) 356 (51.7) 709 (48.4)
 Obese (≥30) 68 (8.8) 78 (11.3) 146 (10.0)
Tobacco smoking 55 (7.1) 53 (7.7) 108 (7.4) 0.65
Alcohol drinking 32 (4.1) 28 (4.1) 60 (4.1) 0.96
Fried food preference
 Dislike 230 (29.6) 210 (30.5) 440 (30) 0.75
 Neither like nor dislike 175 (22.5) 162 (23.5) 337 (23)
 Like 372 (47.9) 316 (45.9) 688 (47)
Barbecued food preference
 Dislike 331 (42.6) 279 (40.6) 610 (41.6) 0.12
 Neither like nor dislike 224 (28.8) 179 (26) 403 (27.5)
 Like 222 (28.6) 230 (33.4) 452 (30.9)
Worship frequency (days/week)     
  < 3 174 (22.4) 133 (19.3) 307 (21.0) 0.34
 3–5 179 (23) 169 (24.6) 348 (23.8)
  > 5 424 (54.6) 386 (56.1) 810 (55.3)
Diabetes 260 (33.5) 312 (45.3) 572 (39.0) < 0.01
Family history of hypertension 37 (4.8) 35 (5.1) 72 (4.9) 0.77
  1. Note. * SBP and DBP systolic and diastolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, BMI body mass index. Data were presented as mean (SD) or n (%); mean ± SD: t-test; n (%): x2-test. ƚ Fisher’s exact test