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Table 5 Share (%) of direct and indirect cost by poverty and type of health centers in India, Tamil Nadu, and Bihar, 2014

From: Do poor people in the poorer states pay more for healthcare in India?

  Direct cost Indirect cost
Poverty Doctor Medicine Diagnostic Bed Other medical Transport Other non-medical
India        
Poor using public health centers 6.69 37.75 13.59 2.75 9.62 10.52 19.08
Poor using private health centers 23.13 30.25 10.78 13.86 9.33 4.25 8.41
Non-poor using public health centers 7.97 33.60 12.31 3.12 14.81 9.29 18.91
Non-poor using private health centers 25.32 27.69 11.66 14.71 9.13 3.66 7.83
Utilization of public health centers (All) 7.60 34.79 12.68 3.01 13.31 9.65 18.96
Tamil Nadu        
Poor using public health centers 0.60 3.72 4.58 0.00 5.51 21.99 63.60
Poor using private health centers 32.63 22.80 10.00 14.88 7.36 3.93 8.41
Non-poor using public health centers 0.44 8.67 8.55 0.44 7.12 15.79 59.00
Non-poor using private health centers 28.65 25.73 11.34 13.55 9.13 3.64 7.96
Utilization of public health centers (All) 0.47 7.64 7.72 0.35 6.78 17.08 59.95
Bihar        
Poor using public health centers 6.69 45.48 9.99 3.17 7.82 9.98 16.86
Poor using private health centers 19.05 38.34 9.20 13.30 5.19 4.58 10.34
Non-poor using public health centers 15.29 33.29 9.20 3.33 9.35 10.64 18.91
Non-poor using private health centers 21.11 27.91 10.45 12.64 8.05 5.78 14.06
Utilization of public health centers (All) 12.07 37.85 9.50 3.27 8.87 10.39 18.15