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Table 4 Ratio of out-of-pocket expenditure on hospitalization among major states of India with respect to Tamil Nadu, 2014

From: Do poor people in the poorer states pay more for healthcare in India?

States Poor using public health centers Poor using private health centers Non-poor using public health centers Non-poor using private health centers All Public health centers Private health centers
Tamil Nadu 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Jharkhand 1.33*** 0.89 1.94 0.54*** 0.52*** 1.63*** 0.56***
Telangana 1.42*** 1.11 1.84*** 0.96 1.13*** 1.71*** 0.95
Andhra Pradesh 1.30 0.65*** 1.90*** 0.84 1.03 1.79*** 0.84***
Rajasthan 1.47*** 0.68** 2.02*** 0.91 0.64*** 1.80*** 0.86**
Kerala 2.03*** 1.10 1.71*** 0.83*** 0.97 1.81*** 0.87***
Chhattisgarh 1.52** 1.03 2.48*** 0.92 0.74 1.88*** 0.84
Karnataka 2.15*** 0.93 1.90*** 0.75*** 0.86 1.92*** 0.74***
Maharashtra 1.95*** 1.28 2.10*** 0.92 1.14** 1.93*** 0.93
Madhya Pradesh 1.68*** 1.22 2.57*** 0.91 0.70** 2.06*** 0.89
Bihar 2.17*** 0.99 2.58*** 0.70 0.65 2.28*** 0.70**
Gujarat 1.23** 0.68*** 2.74*** 0.63*** 0.79*** 2.37*** 0.62***
Assam 2.92*** 0.80 2.69*** 1.84** 0.61** 2.67*** 1.55**
Odisha 3.10*** 1.49 2.91*** 1.19* 0.65*** 2.80*** 1.16*
West Bengal 4.17*** 1.34 2.66*** 1.08 0.77** 3.00*** 1.07
Uttar Pradesh 1.62*** 0.98 3.89*** 1.00 1.01* 3.03*** 0.92
Haryana 3.60*** 1.61 3.48*** 0.84 1.10* 3.48*** 0.91
Delhi 2.22** 3.82** 3.75*** 1.50* 1.48*** 3.64*** 1.60***
Punjab 4.59** 1.31* 4.30*** 1.15 1.40*** 4.40*** 1.17
India 2.24 1.06 2.52 0.90 0.90 2.38 0.89
  1. Note: States are arranged in ascending order of OOPE in public health centers. t-test shows significant differences in OOPE of Tamil Nadu with each of the state in respective category (*** p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05)