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Table 3 Out-of-pocket expenditure (₹) per episode of hospitalization by poverty and type of health centers in the states of India, 2014

From: Do poor people in the poorer states pay more for healthcare in India?

States Poor using public health centers Poor using private health centers Non-poor using public health centers Non-poor using private health centers All F-statistics Public health centers Private health centers OOPE as a share of Total cost
Tamil Nadu 1900 17485 2569 29444 18084 145.80 2395 28059 93.87
Jharkhand 2534 15638 4972 15835 9333 21.03 3903 15780 98.83
Telangana 2696 19328 4715 28136 20488 12.20 4103 26549 98.20
Andhra Pradesh 2477 11353 4881 24841 18640 25.60 4296 23636 98.63
Rajasthan 2790 11946 5191 26875 11510 119.21 4299 24105 96.41
Kerala 3863 19222 4392 24559 17568 45.94 4336 24339 96.02
Chhattisgarh 2881 18072 6371 27186 13416 27.59 4498 23625 98.06
Karnataka 4080 16231 4887 22114 15563 62.16 4600 20769 91.39
Maharashtra 3701 22381 5398 27071 20598 72.09 4610 26176 91.60
Madhya Pradesh 3190 21372 6614 26675 12604 91.50 4939 24959 91.29
Bihar 4128 17359 6631 20730 11748 62.79 5467 19549 98.56
Gujarat 2347 11935 7037 18461 14223 31.92 5684 17257 92.83
Assam 5557 13953 6907 54097 11064 60.52 6399 43381 96.96
Odisha 5882 25973 7481 35055 11818 105.61 6694 32466 97.81
West Bengal 7930 23462 6840 31778 13983 107.64 7187 30159 92.40
Uttar Pradesh 3085 17143 9981 29412 18317 109.26 7262 25902 99.02
Haryana 6840 28127 8931 24870 19838 22.84 8344 25639 89.62
Delhi 4218 66844 9644 44208 26829 19.17 8713 45000 85.27
Punjab 8715 22989 11050 33974 25229 8.44 10540 32966 96.49
India 4264 18454 6482 26470 16189 1106.11 5688 24924 94.82
  1. Note: F statistics shows significance differences (***p < 0.001) among groups in each of the state of India