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Table 4 Discrete-time models of diabetes onset, NLSY79

From: Adverse childhood events and risk of diabetes onset in the 1979 National longitudinal survey of youth cohort

 FemaleMale
Model 1
Total effect
Model 2
Direct effect BMIadj
Model 3
Direct effect- RHBadj
Model 1
Total effect
Model 2
Direct effect BMIadj
Model 3
Direct effect- RHBadj
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Time1.29*(1.19, 1.39)1.23*(1.13, 1.33)1.22*(1.13, 1.33)1.51*(1.36, 1.68)1.44*(1.29, 1.61)1.46*(1.31, 1.63)
Time-squared0.99*(0.99, 1.00)1.00*(0.99, 1.00)1.00*(0.99, 1.00)0.99*(0.99, 0.99)0.99*(0.99, 1.00)0.99*(0.99, 0.99)
ACE Score (0–6)1.14*(1.02, 1.26)1.10(1.00, 1.22)1.11t(1.00, 1.23)1.09(0.95, 1.25)1.09(0.94, 1.25)1.10(0.96, 1.27)
Age1.10*(1.05, 1.15)1.10*(1.05, 1.15)1.10*(1.05, 1.16)1.19*(1.13, 1.25)1.19*(1.13, 1.26)1.21*(1.14, 1.28)
Born in US1.09(0.60, 1.99)1.01(0.56, 1.84)1.04(0.58, 1.88)0.63(0.34, 1.15)0.59(0.32, 1.10)0.56(0.30, 1.05)
Poverty status1.41*(1.04, 1.90)1.42*(1.05, 1.91)1.39*(1.03, 1.87)1.02(0.65, 1.59)1.10(0.69, 1.75)1.08(0.68, 1.73)
Has children0.91(0.83, 1.00)0.91*(0.83, 1.00)0.91(0.83, 1.00)0.96(0.85, 1.09)0.95(0.83, 1.07)0.95(0.83, 1.08)
Race (Ref. White)
 Black1.46*(1.10, 1.94)1.06(0.81, 1.40)1.02(0.77, 1.35)0.95(0.70, 1.30)0.90(0.66, 1.23)0.90(0.66, 1.22)
 Hispanic1.86*(1.33, 2.59)1.53*(1.12, 2.11)1.54*(1.12, 2.13)1.05(0.70, 1.58)0.93(0.61, 1.42)0.93(0.60, 1.44)
 Other1.32(0.92, 1.88)1.28(0.89, 1.82)1.27(0.88, 1.82)1.01(0.69, 1.49)1.03(0.69, 1.52)0.96(0.64, 1.45)
Marital status (Ref. Married)
 Never Married0.93(0.64, 1.34)0.81(0.57, 1.16)0.81(0.57, 1.15)1.35(0.91, 2.01)1.49(1.00, 2.21)1.54*(1.02, 2.30)
 Separated0.85(0.56, 1.29)0.79(0.52, 1.20)0.84(0.55, 1.27)0.80(0.35, 1.82)0.93(0.42, 2.10)1.00(0.44, 2.24)
 Divorced0.86(0.62, 1.19)0.96(0.69, 1.32)0.98(0.71, 1.37)1.32(0.88, 1.97)1.42(0.94, 2.14)1.50(0.99, 2.27)
 Widowed0.44*(0.20, 0.98)0.40*(0.18, 0.90)0.41*(0.18, 0.93)4.68*(1.54, 14.18)4.09*(1.53, 10.95)4.05*(1.61, 10.22)
Employment (Ref. Employed)
 Unemployed1.05(0.51, 2.15)1.04(0.51, 2.13)1.03(0.50, 2.09)1.32(0.68, 2.54)1.27(0.66, 2.46)1.29(0.66, 2.52)
 Out of Labor Force1.44*(1.07, 1.94)1.46*(1.08, 1.97)1.38*(1.02, 1.86)0.93(0.56, 1.53)0.89(0.53, 1.50)0.82(0.48, 1.39)
 Active Military2.17(0.29, 15.98)3.30(0.52, 20.93)3.32(0.50, 22.05)1.42(0.48, 4.25)1.83(0.61, 5.49)0.45(0.10, 1.99)
Education (Ref. <HS Grad)
 HS Grad1.14(0.79, 1.63)1.21(0.85, 1.73)1.21(0.85, 1.72)1.04(0.73, 1.47)1.01(0.72, 1.43)1.06(0.74, 1.53)
 Some College1.49*(1.01, 2.19)1.81*(1.24, 2.65)1.89*(1.28, 2.80)0.94(0.62, 1.43)0.91(0.60, 1.38)0.99(0.64, 1.53)
 College or more0.93(0.57, 1.51)1.30(0.80, 2.10)1.35(0.82, 2.24)0.51*(0.31, 0.85)0.62(0.38, 1.03)0.72(0.43, 1.22)
BMI (Ref. Normal Weight)
Underweight  3.87*(1.73, 8.67)4.08*(1.80, 9.21)  0.75(0.10, 5.73)0.79(0.10, 6.09)
Overweight  2.89*(1.93, 4.35)3.00*(1.99, 4.52)  2.38*(1.45, 3.93)2.52*(1.51, 4.21)
Obese  8.97*(6.32, 12.74)8.90*(6.19, 12.79)  7.57*(4.67, 12.28)7.84*(4.79, 12.84)
Alcohol Use (Ref. Low use [<=14/7 drinks per wk])
Lifetime Abstainer    1.56*(1.07, 2.27)    1.35(0.74, 2.48)
Former Drinker    1.26(0.95, 1.67)    1.20(0.89, 1.61)
Risky Drinker (> 14/7 per week)  1.11(0.59, 2.06)    0.76(0.43, 1.34)
High Volume Drinker (> 28/14 per week)  1.68(0.80, 3.51)    1.11(0.55, 2.27)
Smoking Status (Ref. Never Daily Smoker)
Former Daily Smoker    0.87(0.62, 1.22)    0.96(0.68, 1.35)
Current Daily Smoker   0.94(0.69, 1.29)    1.16(0.84, 1.60)
  1. *significance at the p < 0.05 level, t = 0.05