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Table 4 Factors associated with safe children’s stool disposal in Ethiopia, EDHS 2016

From: Prevalence and associated factors of safe and improved infant and young children stool disposal in Ethiopia: evidence from demographic and health survey

Background characteristics Child’s stool disposal practice COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Safe Unsafe
Region
 Tigray 88 216 0.32(0.17–0.60)* 0.40 (0.17–0.90)**
 Affar 10 30 0.26(0.13–0.52)* 0.65 (0.29–1.46)
 Amhara 261 499 0.42(0.22–0.77)* 0.59(0.26–1.30)
 Oromiya 532 1316 0.32(0.18–0.57)* 0.45(0.22–0.92)**
 Somali 42 129 0.26(0.14–0.47)* 0.67(0.33–1.36)
 Benishangul 22 22 0.77(0.41–1.43) 1.45(0.67–3.15)
 SNNP 508 328 1.24(0.71–2.17) 1.65(0.74–3.69)
 Gambela 3 6 0.40(0.20–0.79)* 0.48(0.21–1.09)
 Harari 4 6 0.57(0.30–1.08) 0.51(0.23–1.13)
 Addis Ababa 50 55 0.72(0.39–1.32) 0.17(0.07–0.40)**
 Dire Dawa 10 8 1 1
Place of residence
 Urban 297 201 2.88(1.95–4.26)* 3.12(1.86–5.22)**
 Rural 1233 2414 1 1
Mother educational level
 No education 801 1699 1 1
 Primary 535 744 1.52(1.21–1.91)* 1.12(0.86–1.46)
 Secondary 120 134 1.89(1.24–2.87)* 0.78(0.50–1.21)
 Higher 74 38 4.16(2.27–7.63)* 0.93(0.48–1.79)
Religion (n = 4144)
 Orthodox 502 902 1 1
 Catholic 12 29 0.75(0.24–2.35) 0.69(0.22–2.11)
 Protestant 469 389 2.14(1.50–3.06)* 1.36(0.86–2.16)
 Muslin 515 1211 0.75(0.54–1.05) 1.06(0.69–1.63)
 Traditional 11 59 0.34(0.09–1.33) 1.02(0.49–2.11)
 Other 16 26 1.14(0.37–3.47) 1.07(0.38–2.99)
Household wealth index (n = 4144)
 Poorest 171 740 1 1
 Poorer 274 629 1.89(1.33–2.67)* 1.93(1.39–2.68)**
 Middle 381 500 3.30(2.32–4.70)* 3.26(2.27–4.68)**
 Richer 345 398 3.76(2.54–5.55)* 3.64(2.46–5.38)**
 Richest 358 348 4.46(2.96–6.71)* 4.54(2.89–7.12)**
Listening to radio(n = 4144)
 Yes 529 601 1.77(1.40–2.23)* 1.18(0.87–1.60)
 No 1001 2014 1 1
Watching television
 Yes 417 345 2.46(1.84–3.31)* 1.45(0.99–2.12)
 No 1112 2270 1 1
Reading the newspaper or magazine
 Yes 160 125 2.31(1.56–3.42)* 1.21(0.77–1.89)
 No 1370 2490 1 1
Sex of child (n = 4144)
 Male 697 1283 1  
 Female 832 1332 1.14(0.94–1.40)  
Diarrhea in the last two weeks (n = 4129)
 Yes 305 365 1.52(1.17–1.97)* 1.27(0.97–1.68)
 No 1222 2237 1 1
Toilet facility
 Improved 216 203 1.95(1.42–2.67)* 0.99(0.66–1.47)
 Unimproved 1314 2412 1 1
Source of drinking water
 Improved 966 1364 1.57(1.19–2.07)* 1.04(0.80–1.36)
 Unimproved 563 1251 1 1
Age of the child (n = 4144)
 0–5 months 356 831 1 1
 6–11 months 438 621 1.64(1.28–2.11)* 1.57(1.17–2.09)**
 12–17 months 412 672 1.43(1.05–1.94)* 1.39(1.00–1.95)**
 18–23 months 323 491 1.53(1.16–2.03)* 1.43(1.03–1.99)**
Mother’s age
 15–24 373 842 1 1
 25–34 839 1267 1.49(1.19–1.87)* 1.31(1.00–1.72)**
  > 34 318 506 1.41(1.06–1.88)* 1.44(1.04–2.01)**
  1. CI = Confidence Interval, COR = Crude Odds Ratio, AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio, *Significant association (P < 0.05) crude, ** Significant association (p < 0.05) adjusted