Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Improved child’s stool disposal by selected socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics in Ethiopia, EDHS 2016 (N = 4145)

From: Prevalence and associated factors of safe and improved infant and young children stool disposal in Ethiopia: evidence from demographic and health survey

Background characteristics Improved child’s feces disposal practice Total Percent X2 (df), p-value
Improved Unimproved
Region
 Tigray 33 271 304 7.3 375.37(10), p-value = 0.000
 Affar 2 37 39 0.9  
 Amhara 14 747 761 18.4
 Oromiya 43 1805 1848 44.6
 Somali 29 142 171 4.1
 Benishangul 1 43 44 1.1
 SNNP 50 786 836 20.2
 Gambela 1 9 10 0.2
 Harari 2 8 10 0.2
 Addis Ababa 40 65 105 2.5
 Dire Dawa 6 11 17 0.4
Place of residence
 Urban 133 365 498 12.0 512.35(1), p-value = 0.000
 Rural 83 3559 3647 88.0  
Mother educational level
 No education 62 2437 2500 60.3 253.09(3), p-value = 0.000
 Primary 78 1201 1279 30.9  
 Secondary 48 206 254 6.1
 Higher 32 80 112 2.7
Religion
 Orthodox 92 1315 1407 33.9 11.99(5), p-value = 0.035
 Catholic 0 41 41 1.0  
 Protestant 45 814 859 20.7
 Muslin 81 1645 1726 41.6
 Traditional 0 70 70 1.7
 Other 3 39 42 1.0
Household wealth index (n = 4144)
 Poorest 7 968 975 23.5 489.97(4), p-value = 0.000
 Poorer 14 891 905 21.8  
 Middle 15 852 867 20.9
 Richer 36 718 754 18.2
 Richest 148 495 643 15.5
Listening to radio
 Yes 105 1024 1129 27.2 48.41(1), p-value = 0.000
 No 116 2900 3016 72.8  
Watching television
 Yes 138 625 763 18.4 301.404(1), p-value 0.000
 No 83 3299 3382 81.6  
Reading the newspaper or magazine
 Yes 53 232 285 6.9 107.49(1), p-value = 0.000
 No 167 3692 3859 93.1  
Sex of child
 Male 103 1877 1980 47.8 0.13(1), p-value = 0.722
 Female 118 2047 2165 52.2  
Diarrhea in the last two weeks (n = 4129)
 Yes 39 631 670 16.2 0.35(1), p-value = 0.556
 No 182 3277 3459 83.8  
Toilet facility
 Improved* 221 198 419 10.1 2075.95(1), p-value = 0.000
 Unimproved 0 3726 3726 89.9  
Source of drinking water
 Improved 187 2143 2330 56.2 76.51(1), p-value = 0.000
 Unimproved 34 1781 1815 43.8  
Age of the child
 0–5 months 46 1141 1187 28.6 7.13(3), p-value = 0.000
 6–11 months 64 995 1059 25.5  
 12–17 months 62 1023 1085 26.2  
 18–23 months 49 765 814 19.6
Mother’s age
 15–24 60 1156 1216 29.3 2.32(2), p-value = 0.314
 25–34 123 1982 2105 50.8  
  > 34 38 786 824 19.9