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Table 2 Child’s stool disposal by selected socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics in Ethiopia, EDHS 2016 (N = 4145)

From: Prevalence and associated factors of safe and improved infant and young children stool disposal in Ethiopia: evidence from demographic and health survey

Background characteristics Child’s stool disposal practice Total Percent X2 (df), P-value
Safe Unsafe
Region
 Tigray 88 216 304 7.3 291.9 (10), p-value = 0.000
 Affar 10 30 40 1.0
 Amhara 261 499 760 18.3
 Oromiya 532 1316 1848 44.6
 Somali 42 129 171 4.1
 Benishangul 22 22 44 1.1
 SNNP 508 328 836 20.2
 Gambela 3 6 9 0.2
 Harari 4 6 10 0.2
 Addis Ababa 50 55 105 2.5
 Dire Dawa 10 8 18 0.4
Place of residence
 Urban 297 201 498 12.0 125.5 (1), p-value = 0.000
 Rural 1233 2414 3647 88.0
Mother educational level
 No education 801 1699 2500 60.3 91.3 (3), p-value = 0.000
 Primary 535 744 1279 30.9
 Secondary 120 134 254 6.1
 Higher 74 38 112 2.7
Religion (n = 4144)
 Orthodox 502 902 1407 34.0 168.4 (5), p-value = 0.000
 Catholic 12 29 41 1.0
 Protestant 469 389 858 20.7
 Muslin 515 1211 1726 41.7
 Traditional 11 59 70 1.7
 Other 16 26 42 1.0
Household wealth index (n = 4144)
 Poorest 171 740 911 22.0 247.3(4), p-value = 0.000
 Poorer 274 629 903 21.8
 Middle 381 500 881 21.3
 Richer 345 398 743 17.9
 Richest 358 348 706 17.0
Listening to radio
 Yes 529 601 1130 27.3 65.4(1), p-value = 0.000
 No 1001 2014 3015 72.7
Watching television
 Yes 417 345 763 18.4 127.4(1), p-value = 0.000
 No 1112 2270 3382 81.6
Reading the newspaper or magazine
 Yes 160 125 285 6.9 48.5(1), p-value = 0.000
 No 1370 2490 3860 93.1
Sex of child (n = 4144)
 Male 697 1283 1980 47.8 4.6(1), p-value = 0.039
 Female 832 1332 2164 52.2
Diarrhea in the last two weeks (n = 4129)
 Yes 305 365 670 16.2 25.0(1), p-value = 0.000
 No 1222 2237 3459 83.8
Toilet facility
 Improveda 216 203 419 10.1 42.8(1), p-value = 0.000
 Unimproved 1314 2412 3726 89.9
Source of drinking water
 Improvedb 966 1364 2330 56.2 47.5(1), p-value = 0.000
 Unimproved 563 1251 1815 43.8
Age of the child (n = 4144)
 0–5 months 356 831 1187 28.6 36.6(3), p-value = 0.000
 6–11 months 438 621 1059 25.6
 12–17 months 412 672 1084 26.2
 18–23 months 323 491 814 19.6
Mother’s age
 15–24 373 842 1215 29.3 28.8(2), p-value = 0.000
 25–34 839 1267 2106 50.8
  > 34 318 506 824 19.9
  1. aFacilities that would be considered improved if they were not shared by two or more households
  2. bInclude piped water, public taps, standpipes, tube wells, boreholes, protected dug wells and springs, rainwater and bottled water