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Table 2 Association between depression status, anxious distress, and type 2 diabetes

From: Severity of depression, anxious distress and the risk of type 2 diabetes – a population-based cohort study in Sweden

Variables Categories Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Depression status No 1 1 1 1
Yes 1.22 (0.92–1.61) 1.62 (1.21–2.16) 1.48 (1.10–1.99) 1.34 (0.98–1.82)
Level of depression No depression 1 1 1 1
Mild depression 1.20 (0.77–1.86) 1.65 (1.05–2.60) 1.55 (0.98–2.44) 1.47 (0.91–2.36)
Moderate depression 0.81 (0.43–1.54) 1.07 (0.56–2.05) 0.99 (0.52–1.90) 0.90 (0.46–1.77)
Severe depression 1.49 (1.01–2.20) 1.92 (1.29–2.87) 1.72 (1.15–2.59) 1.49 (0.97–2.28)
Depression with/without levels anxious distress No depression or anxious distress 1 1 1 1
Depression without anxious distress 1.18 (0.71–1.98) 1.58 (0.93–2.67) 1.49 (0.88–2.53) 1.29 (0.75–2.23)
Depression with mild anxious distress 1.02 (0.63–1.65) 1.32 (0.81–2.17) 1.22 (0.74–2.00) 1.13 (0.67–1.88)
Depression with moderate/severe anxious distress 1.43 (0.95–2.13) 1.93 (1.28–2.93) 1.73 (1.13–2.63) 1.58 (1.02–2.44)
  1. Logistic regression analyses with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) as the outcome variable. CI Confidence Interval, OR Odds Ratio, MDI Major Depression Inventory
  2. Model 1 Crude
  3. Model 2 Adjusted for age and sex
  4. Model 3 Adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic position
  5. Model 4 Adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic position, smoking, alcohol use, physical activity, body mass index