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Table 4 Results from Multivariate Linear Regression Analysis Examining the Association of Child Marriage (CM) on Overall Psychological Well-being (O-PWB) and its Sub-Domains in Ethiopia (n = 3501)

From: Child marriage and psychological well-being in Niger and Ethiopia

VARIABLES Overalla ANXa DEPa SCa VTa PWBa GHa
Married at 12 or Earlier −5.09 −5.34 −3.75 −1.92 −6.63 −5.63 −5.13
(2.03)** (2.55)** (1.80)** (2.38) (2.08)** (1.70)** (2.31)**
Married at 13 −2.58 −2.27 −3.34 0.60 −2.66 −1.16 −5.28
(1.70) (2.17) (1.76)* (1.77) (2.09) (1.58) (2.18)**
Married at 14 −1.49 −1.52 −0.86 0.63 −1.44 −0.70 −4.14
(1.50) (1.91) (1.34) (1.76) (1.72) (1.47) (1.90)**
Married at 15 −0.40 − 0.64 − 0.81 2.04 −0.31 − 0.11 −1.93
(1.17) (1.48) (1.17) (1.45) (1.28) (1.07) (1.42)
Married at 16 −0.85 −0.84 −0.30 0.58 −0.97 − 0.99 −1.16
(1.10) (1.44) (1.12) (1.35) (1.22) (0.99) (1.39)
Married at 17 0.67 1.56 1.04 0.34 0.40 0.09 −0.91
(1.09) (1.41) (1.17) (1.42) (1.20) (1.03) (1.43)
Current Age −0.41 −0.42 − 0.35 − 0.31 − 0.49 −0.24 − 0.50
(0.07)*** (0.08)*** (0.07)*** (0.07)*** (0.09)*** (0.07)*** (0.09)***
Schooling 1.22 1.73 0.13 0.54 2.00 1.72 0.46
(0.92) (1.18) (0.85) (1.07) (0.97)** (0.83)** (1.21)
Employed −3.60 −6.08 −2.68 −0.01 −2.35 − 3.02 −4.59
(1.41)** (1.67)*** (1.38)* (1.66) (1.59) (1.44)** (1.66)**
1–2 Children 1.88 2.87 2.64 1.43 0.27 −0.11 2.98
(1.18) (1.47)* (1.28)** (1.46) (1.44) (1.23) (1.52)*
3–5 Children 2.99 4.44 4.76 1.29 0.82 −0.12 4.67
(1.31)** (1.70)** (1.49)** (1.53) (1.72) (1.43) (1.66)**
6 or More 3.07 3.81 6.67 1.94 0.81 −0.30 4.63
(1.66)* (2.19)* (1.72)*** (2.05) (2.01) (1.66) (2.22)**
IPV −14.04 −17.27 −12.18 −11.55 −12.22 −10.90 −14.43
(1.17)*** (1.60)*** (1.18)*** (1.31)*** (1.22)*** (1.15)*** (1.25)***
Polygamy −2.34 −3.15 −2.21 −0.47 −1.87 −4.81 − 1.62
(1.38)* (1.79)* (1.45) (1.47) (1.51) (1.32)*** (1.59)
Spousal Age Difference
6–10 years age −1.05 −1.83 −1.08 − 1.50 −0.11 −0.55 −0.38
(0.70) (0.92)** (0.81) (0.83)* (0.79) (0.66) (0.83)
10 and More −1.88 −3.11 −1.24 −2.35 −0.92 − 1.63 −1.28
(0.97)* (1.26)** (1.02) (1.03)** (1.25) (0.99) (1.18)
3.83 5.49 1.89 3.81 5.28 2.45 2.26
(1.29)** (1.65)** (1.15) (1.55)** (1.36)*** (1.15)** (1.70)
Poor Household 2.95 3.95 1.18 4.07 3.06 1.88 1.91
(1.12)** (1.49)** (1.10) (1.43)** (1.28)** (1.06)* (1.49)
Middle-income house 4.00 5.52 2.40 4.65 3.62 2.53 2.73
(1.14)*** (1.52)*** (1.18)** (1.42)** (1.25)** (1.06)** (1.43)*
Richer Household 4.32 6.03 1.83 4.30 4.08 2.88 3.51
(1.07)*** (1.46)*** (1.21) (1.30)** (1.29)** (1.20)** (1.36)**
Richest 5.45 7.09 2.79 5.78 5.31 0.47 2.79
(1.17)*** (1.62)*** (1.36)** (1.39)*** (1.38)*** (0.06)*** (1.32)**
 Community (O-PWB) 0.69 0.65 0.65 0.77 0.56 0.57 0.51
(0.04)*** (0.05)*** (0.05)*** (0.04)*** (0.05)*** (8.17)*** (0.06)***
 Community (CM) −0.07 −0.06 −0.06 0.30 0.03 −0.20 −0.31
(0.25) (0.31) (0.21) (0.27) (0.28) (0.24) (0.32)
 Community (IPV) 5.11 4.00 0.75 3.77 5.49 7.63 7.75
(2.18)** (2.71) (2.15) (2.45) (2.46)** (2.86)** (2.17)***
  1. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1
  3. aModels also adjusted for regions and urban/rural residence, and weighted for survey design