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Table 2 Binary logistic regression analysis of reasons associated with self-medication

From: Risk factors associated with self-medication among women in Iran

Behavioral constructs Self-medication (n = 276) Non-self-medication (n = 84) OR (95% CI) P
Variable
 Knowledge (mean, SD) 4.15 ± 1.80 7.63 ± 1.57 0.57 (0.35–0.94) 0.03
 Attitude (mean, SD) 21.78 ± 4.25 27.41 ± 4.18 0.68 (0.51–0.92) 0.02
 Perceived behavioral control (mean, SD) 9.68 ± 2.37 12.04 ± 2.11 0.74 (0.60–0.89) 0.001
 Subjective norms (mean, SD) 11.97 ± 2.01 16.21 ± 2.15 0.72 (0.58–0.91) 0.008
 Demographical factors No. (%) No. (%)   
Age
  ≤ 19 6 (1.6) 11 (3) 1.0 (Ref.)  
 20–29 58 (16.1) 27 (7.5) 1.56 (1.18–2.08) 0.004
 30–39 111 (33.3) 28 (7.7) 1.94 (1.04–3.79) 0.041
 40≥ 101 (25.5) 18 (5) 2.21 (1.20–4.20) 0.01
Place of residence
 Urban 12 (3) 40 (11) 1.0 (Ref.)  
 Rural 264 (73) 44 (12) 1.55 (1.15–2.1) 0.004
Health insurance
 Yes 250 (69) 73 (20) 1.0 (Ref.)  
 NO 26 (7) 5 (1.3) 1.41 (1.20–1.87) 0.001
Education level
 Higher 94 (26) 35 (9.7) 1.0 (Ref.)  
 Secondary 115 (32) 33 (9) 1.21 (1.09–1.35) 0.001
 Primary 62 (17) 13 (3.6) 1.25 (1.06–1.27) 0.003
 Illiterate 5 (1.3) 3 (0.8) 1.46 (1.18–1.91) 0.001
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