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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of the baseline sample (N = 261)a

From: Comparative effectiveness trial comparing MyPlate to calorie counting for mostly low-income Latino primary care patients of a federally qualified community health center: study design, baseline characteristics

Measure Total MyPlate Calorie Counting P-value
N % n % n %  
Demographic measures
 Number of respondents 261 100% 131 50.2% 130 49.8%  
Sex        .54
 Male 12 4.6% 5 3.8% 7 5.4%  
 Female 249 95.4% 126 96.2% 123 94.6%  
Ethnicity        .71
 Black or African American 20 7.7% 10 7.6% 10 7.7%  
 Asian or Asian American 2 0.8% 1 0.8% 1 0.8%  
 White/Caucasian 10 3.8% 7 5.3% 3 2.3%  
 Hispanic/Latino 225 86.2% 112 85.5% 113 86.9%  
 Native American 1 0.4% 0 0.0% 1 0.8%  
 Other 3 1.2% 1 0.8% 2 1.5%  
Educational attainment        .43
 Never attended / kindergarten only 6 2.3% 3 2.3% 3 2.3%  
 Less than high school 120 46.0% 57 43.5% 63 48.5%  
 High school / GED 76 29.1% 36 27.5% 40 30.8%  
 Some college 53 20.3% 33 25.2% 20 15.4%  
 College degree 5 1.9% 2 1.5% 3 2.3%  
 Some grad sch/ post-college degree 1 0.4% 0 0.0% 1 0.8%  
Age (years); M = 41.8 (SD = 11.5)        .98
 18–29 years 43 16.5% 23 17.6% 20 15.4%  
 30–39 years 65 24.9% 32 24.4% 33 25.4%  
 40–49 years 90 34.5% 44 33.6% 46 35.4%  
 50–59 years 44 16.9% 23 17.6% 21 16.2%  
 60+ years 19 7.3% 9 6.9% 10 7.7%  
Marital status        .95
 Living without a partner/ single 125 47.9% 63 48.1% 62 47.7%  
 Living as married/ married living together 136 52.1% 68 51.9% 68 52.3%  
Preferred language        .92
 English 67 25.7% 34 26.0% 33 25.4%  
 Spanish 194 74.3% 97 74.1% 97 74.6%  
Place of birth        .87
 Born in US 47 18.1% 24 18.5% 23 17.7%  
 Born outside US 213 81.9% 106 81.5% 107 82.3%  
Key outcome measures
BMI (kg/m2); M = 33.3 (SD = 3.6)        .38
 27 to < 30 54 20.7% 32 24.4% 22 16.9%  
 30 to < 35 121 46.4% 60 45.8% 61 46.9%  
 35 to < 40 73 28.0% 32 24.4% 41 31.5%  
 40+ 13 5.0% 7 5.3% 6 4.6%  
Waist circumference (cm);
M = 102 (SD = 9.4)
       .09
 80 to < 90 19 7.3% 13 10.0% 6 4.6%  
 90 to < 100 98 37.7% 52 40.0% 46 35.4%  
 100 to < 110 89 34.2% 45 34.6% 44 33.9%  
 110+ 54 20.8% 20 15.4% 34 26.2%  
How much hunger did you feel yesterday? (mm)b;
M = 49.1 (SD = 27.4)
       .81
 0 to < 25 39 14.9% 22 16.8% 17 13.1%  
 25 to < 50 39 14.9% 20 15.3% 19 14.6%  
 50 to < 75 131 50.2% 65 49.6% 66 50.8%  
 75 to 100 52 19.9% 24 18.3% 28 21.5%  
Meal satisfaction did you feel yesterday? (mm)b;
M = 32.1 (SD = 32.9)
       .81
 0 to < 25 124 47.5% 59 45.0% 65 50.0%  
 25 to < 50 39 14.9% 20 15.3% 19 14.6%  
 50 to < 75 54 20.7% 30 22.9% 24 18.5%  
 75 to 100 44 16.9% 22 16.8% 22 16.9%
How full did you feel after last meal yesterday (mm)b?
M = 68.0 (SD = 28.9)
       .52
 0 to < 25 106 40.6% 49 37.4% 57 43.9%  
 25 to < 50 55 21.1% 26 19.9% 29 22.3%  
 50 to < 75 67 25.7% 38 29.0% 29 22.3%  
 75 to 100 33 12.6% 18 13.7% 15 11.5%  
DASH dietary quality index        .008
 Lowest tertile 75 32.6% 48 41.7% 27 23.5%  
 Medium tertile 76 33.0% 36 31.3% 40 34.8%  
 Highest tertile 79 34.4% 31 27.0% 48 41.7%  
Mental health index;
M = 77.0 (SD = 18.6)
       .48
 0–64 69 26.5% 32 24.8% 37 28.2%  
 65–80 70 26.9% 32 24.8% 38 29.0%  
 81–92 70 26.9% 35 27.1% 35 26.7%  
 93–100 51 19.6% 30 23.3% 21 16.0%  
Health-related Quality of Life;
M = 74.2 (SD = 18.1)
       .16
 0–59 57 21.9% 27 20.9% 30 22.9%  
 60–79 72 27.7% 42 32.6% 30 22.9%  
 80–89 68 26.2% 27 20.9% 41 31.3%  
 90–100 63 24.2% 33 25.6% 30 22.9%  
Key potential confounders
Acculturation        .43
 Lowest tertile 86 33.6% 39 30.5% 47 36.7%  
 Medium tertile 85 33.2% 47 36.7% 38 29.7%  
 Highest tertile 85 33.2% 42 32.8% 43 33.6%  
Food insecurity-not enough money to buy food        .18
 No 203 78.1% 97 74.6% 106 81.5%  
 Yes 57 21.9% 33 25.4% 24 18.5%  
Food insecurity-did not eat because could not afford to buy food        .49
 No 225 86.2% 111 84.7% 114 87.7%  
 Yes 36 13.8% 20 15.3% 16 12.3%  
  1. aSample size = 260 for Place of birth, waist circumference and 230 for DASH dietary quality because of missing data
  2. bmm = millimeters on a 100 mm visual analogue scale