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Table 3 Association of characteristics of study subjects with anemia

From: Under nutrition, maternal anemia and household food insecurity are risk factors of anemia among preschool aged children in Menz Gera Midir district, Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Characterstics of study subjects Anemic Non-anemic COR (95% CI) AOR (95%CI)
Sex of child
 Female 75 (29.5) 179 (70.5) 1  
 Male 48 (27.9) 130 (73.0) 0.881 (0.58–1.35)  
Child age group (months)
 6–11 47 (52.2) 43 (47.8) 5.27 (2.41–11.55) 5.67 (2.20–14.86)a
 12–23 33 (30.8) 74 (69.2) 4.98 (2.40–10.40) 5.80 (2.30–14.7)a
 24–35 21 (30.0) 49 (70) 2.61 (1.14–5.93) 2.14 (0.78–5.84)
 36–47 16 (21.1) 60 (78.9) 2.99 (1.36–6.61) 1.71 (0.22–4.367)
 48–59 6 (6.7) 83 (93.3) 1 1
Residence
 Urban 7 (16.7) 35 (83.3) 1 1
 Rural 116 (29.7) 274 (70.3) 2.17 (0.91–4.90) 1.833 (0.524–6.407)
Delivery status
 Preterm 3 (42.9) 4 (57.1) 1.91 (0.33–10.240  
 Term 120 (28.2) 305 (71.8) 1  
History of illness in the past 2 weeks
 Yes 5 (29.4) 12 (70.0) 1.05 (0.362–3.04)  
 No 118 (28.4) 297 (71.6) 1  
Place of Birth
 Home 35 (25.9) 100 (74.1) 0.83 (0.52–1.32)  
 Health Facility 88 (29.6) 209 (70.4) 1  
Intestinal Parasites (n = 251)
 Positive 35 (85.4) 6 (14.6) 0.55 (0.218–1.38)  
 Negative 160 (76.2) 50 (23.8) 1  
Vaccination Status
 Not Complete 26 (41.3) 37 (58.7) 1.97 (1.13–3.42) 0.682 (0.294–1.584)
 Complete 97 (26.3) 272 (73.7) 1 1
Wasted
 Yes 33 (67.3) 16 (32.7) 6.72 (3.53–12.76) 3.5 (1.20–9.8)a
 No 90 (23.5) 293 (76.5) 1 1
Stunted
 Yes 79 (36.4) 138 (63.8) 2.23 (1.45–3.42) 3.8 (1.92–7.77)a
 No 44 (20.5) 171 (79.5) 1 1
Under Weight
 Yes 49 (40.5) 72 (59.5) 2.18 (1.40–3.41) 2.12 (1.07–4.38)a
 No 74 (23.8) 237 (76.2) 1 1
MUAC
 ≥13.5 cm 17 (10.2) 150 (89.8) 1 1
 < 13.5 cm 106 (40.0) 159 (60.0 5.88 (3.37–10.28) 5.6 (2.83–11.15)a
Maternal Age
 < 30 years 91 (30.7) 205 (69.3) 1.44 (0.91–2.30) 1.043 (0.504–2.155)
 > = 30 Years 32 (23.5) 104 (76.5) 1 1
Sex of the Household head
 Female 8 (66.7) 4 (33.3) 5.3 (1.57–17.9) 3.24 (1.10–9.63)a
 Male 115 (27.4) 305 (72.6) 1 1
Maternal Education
 No Education 53 (33.5) 105 (66.5) 4.80 (1.08–21-36) 1.16 (0.897–72.53)
 Primary School 39 (25.2) 116 (74.8) 3.20 (0.71–14.34) 5.85 (0.759–45.07)
 Secondary School 29 (29.6) 69 (70.4) 3.9 (0.87–18-26) 7.21 (0.898–57.86)
 Higher Education 2 (9.6) 19 (90.4) 1 1
Maternal Anemia
 Yes 56 (56.6) 43 (43.4) 5.64 (3.46–9.22) 4.0 (2.20–7.23)a
 No 57 (18.8) 247 (81.2) 1 1
Household food insecurity
 Secured 23 (19.7) 94 (80.3) 1  
 Insecured 100 (31.7) 215 (68.3) 1.90 (1.13–3.18) 2.12 (1.09–4.12)a
Household dietry diversity score (HDDS)
 Low 62 (33) 126 (67) 1.97 (0.76–5.06)  
 Medium 55 (25.7) 159 (74.3) 1.38 (0.54–3.56)  
 High 6 (20) 24 (80) 1  
  1. aindicated statistically significant variables