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Table 1 Characteristics of the indicator-based monitoring systems

From: Indicator-based public health monitoring in old age in OECD member countries: a scoping review

Finland - Finnish Welfare Compass [20]
 Publishing institution National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL)
 No. of indicators 16
 Reference population 0+ years
 Last update 2017
 Website or report/brochure Website
 Geographical levels National level and different regional levels
 Disaggregation levels Sex
 Development of the indicators Structured consensus process involving multiple stakeholders
 Graphic display Line charts displaying the indicators over time; area profiles with detailed information for any selected region (spine charts comparing values for a selected region with values for the whole country and displaying the region with the lowest and highest value as well as interquartile ranges)
 Metadata Definition, data sources, items/instruments, available time series, data restrictions, interpretation guidance, impact on population wellbeing, financial impact, advice for local authorities
Finland - Statistical information on welfare and health in Finland (SOTKAnet) [18]
 Publishing institution National Institute for Health and Welfare Finland (THL)
 No. of indicators 57
 Reference population 0+ years
 Last update 2017
 Website or report/brochure Website
 Geographical levels National level and different regional levels
 Disaggregation levels Sex
 Development of the indicators No information available
 Graphic display No default settings; users are free to create a broad range of tables, line and bar charts including geographical comparisons and time series, as well as maps displaying the indicators
 Metadata Definition, data sources, disaggregation levels, data restrictions, interpretation guidance, legislation
Ireland - Positive Ageing 2016. National indicators report [16]
 Publishing institution Healthy and Positive Ageing Initiative (HaPAI), Department of Health
 No. of indicators 53
 Reference population 50+ years
 Last update 2016
 Website or report/brochure Report/brochure
 Geographical levels National level
 Disaggregation levels Sex, age group
 Development of the indicators Based on the Irish National Positive Ageing Strategy; structured consensus process involving multiple stakeholders
 Graphic display Line and bar charts displaying the indicators over time
 Metadata Definition, data sources, rationale, literature (for some indicators), for data sources: reference period, data collection frequency, coverage, method of data collection, data content, relevant policy areas, references, sample size
New Zealand - Positive Aging Indicators [17]
 Publishing institution Ministry of Social Development
 No. of indicators 34
 Reference population 65+ years
 Last update 2007
 Website or report/brochure Report/brochure
 Geographical levels National level and regional level (some indicators)
 Disaggregation levels Sex, age group, ethnicity; some indicators: area deprivation levels, personal income, education, living arrangements, urban/rural
 Development of the indicators Based on the New Zealand Positive Ageing Strategy
 Graphic display Line and bar charts displaying the indicators over time
 Metadata Definition, data sources, items/instruments, data restrictions, reference population, rationale
New Zealand - Older people’s health data and stats [14]
 Publishing institution Ministry of Health
 No. of indicators 22
 Reference population 15+ years
 Last update 2016
 Website or report/brochure Website
 Geographical levels National level
 Disaggregation levels Sex (some indicators), age group, Maori and non-Maori population
 Development of the indicators No information available
 Graphic display Line and bar charts displaying the indicators over time
 Metadata Definition, data sources
Switzerland - Indicators for health in old age [11]
 Publishing institution Swiss health observatory
 No. of indicators 7
 Reference population 15+ years
 Last update 2016
 Website or report/brochure Website
 Geographical levels National level and regional level
 Disaggregation levels Sex, age group, speech area, education, income, urban/rural
 Development of the indicators No information available
 Graphic display Line and bar charts displaying the indicators over time; ranked bar charts with indicator values and 95% confidence intervals for regions; crude numbers of persons affected in a region; maps offer a regional comparison of indicators; most data are also available as Excel files
 Metadata Definition, data sources, items/instruments, rationale
England (UK) - Older People’s Health and Wellbeing [13]
 Publishing institution Public Health England
 No. of indicators 31
 Reference population 65+ years
 Last update 2017
 Website or report/brochure Website
 Geographical levels Whole country and different regional levels
 Disaggregation levels Sex (some indicators)
 Development of the indicators Based on the Public Health Outcomes Framework for England, the Adult Social Care Outcomes Framework and the National Health Service Outcomes Framework
 Graphic display Line charts displaying the indicators over time; area profiles with detailed information for any selected region (spine charts comparing values for a selected region with the English average or any other comparator and displaying the region with the highest and lowest value as well as interquartile ranges); ranked bar charts with values and 95% confidence intervals for regions comparing them either with the English average or with pre-defined target values using a modified traffic-light system; crude numbers of persons affected in a region; maps displaying indicators in a traffic-light system against the benchmark, or in a continuous, quartile-based or quintile-based colour scheme; most data are also available as Excel files
 Metadata Definition, data sources, items/instruments, reference population, rationale
Scotland (UK) - Online Profiles: Older People 65+ [15]
 Publishing institution Scottish Public Health Observatory
 No. of indicators 26
 Reference population 65+ years
 Last update 2014
 Website or report/brochure Website
 Geographical levels Two different regional levels
 Disaggregation levels
 Development of the indicators No information available
 Graphic display Area profiles with detailed information for any selected region (spine charts comparing values for a selected region with the Scottish average or any other comparator and displaying the region with the highest and lowest value as well as interquartile ranges); spine charts show the crude number of persons affected in a region; a colour-coded modified traffic-light system is used to indicate statistical significance of the deviation of regional values from the Scottish average; benchmark comparison of regions with the Scottish average and with other regions using bar charts that include 95% confidence intervals
 Metadata Definition, data sources
Wales (UK) - Measuring the health and well-being of a nation: Public Health Outcomes Framework for Wales; Healthy Ageing [19]
 Publishing institution Public Health Wales (not yet implemented)
 No. of indicators 5
 Reference population 0+ years
 Last update Not yet implemented
 Website or report/brochure
 Geographical levels To be presented at different regional levels
 Disaggregation levels Sex, age group, urban/rural
 Development of the indicators Based on the Public Health Outcomes Framework for Wales
 Graphic display
 Metadata Definition, data sources, rationale
USA - Older Americans: Key Indicators of Well-Being [12]
 Publishing institution Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics
 No. of indicators 41
 Reference population 65+ years
 Last update 2016
 Website or report/brochure Report/ brochure
 Geographical levels National level
 Disaggregation levels Sex (some indicators), age group, ethnicity
 Development of the indicators No information available
 Graphic display Bar and line charts displaying the indicators over time
 Metadata Definition, data sources, reference population