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Fig. 3 | BMC Public Health

Fig. 3

From: Indicator-based public health monitoring in old age in OECD member countries: a scoping review

Fig. 3

Health areas, domains and concepts covered by the indicators in the monitoring systems included. Indicators that could not be clustered into concepts due to their unique content are listed below:Health care: share of health services used by people aged 65 and over; Medicare-covered physician and home health care visits; veterans’ health care. Nursing and community care: adequate assistance, caregiver stress, comprehensive clinical assessments. Physical environment: outdoor air quality. Social environment: social support; local area social capital; trust in institutions; trust in others; community inclusion. Social participation: caring for relatives and children; participation in cultural and arts activities. Activities of daily living: deterioration of work ability; internet use; time spent doing selected activities. Mental health: severe mental strain; sense of control; positive perceptions of own age; suicides. Cognitive functioning: literacy skill; numeracy skills; mild cognitive impairment. Demographics: living alone; engagement with te ao Māori; te reo Māori speakers; racial and ethnic composition; marital status; educational attainment; living arrangements; older veterans. Life expectancy/mortality: deaths in usual place of residence; excess winter deaths. Wealth/poverty: recipients of full national pension; living standards involving some degree of hardship; home ownership; housing affordability; fuel poverty; winter fuel payments; household net worth; total household annual expenditures

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