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Table 1 Secondary outcomes of the study

From: Home-based intervention to test and start (HITS) protocol: a cluster-randomized controlled trial to reduce HIV-related mortality in men and HIV incidence in women through increased coverage of HIV treatment

No Secondary outcome Description Time frame
1 HIV testing uptake at point of test offer in women % received rapid HIV test at home among those offered the test in women Baseline
2 HIV treatment linkage at 1 year in women % who visited the Department of Health clinics in the study area and initiated ART in women Year 1
3 Population-level HIV viral suppression (both sexes) Change in proportion with detectable viremia in both men and women; HIV testing and viral load measurements are performed on the DBS samples collected during the annual individual survey Year 1
4 Population-level HIV viral suppression (both sexes) Change in proportion with detectable viremia in both men and women; HIV testing and viral load measurements are performed on the DBS samples collected during the annual individual survey Year 3
5 Population-level HIV viral suppression in women Change in proportion with detectable viremia in women; HIV testing and viral load measurements are performed on the DBS samples collected during the annual individual survey Year 1
6 Population-level HIV viral suppression in women Change in proportion with detectable viremia in women; HIV testing and viral load measurements are performed on the DBS samples collected during the annual individual survey Year 3
7 Population-level HIV viral suppression in men Change in proportion with detectable viremia in men; HIV testing and viral load measurements are performed on the DBS samples collected during the annual individual survey Year 3
8 Population level HIV incidence Change in HIV incidence rate (number of HIV sero-conversions per 100 person-years of follow up) in both men and women; HIV testing and viral load measurements are performed on the DBS samples collected during the annual individual survey Year 3
9 Population-level HIV-related mortality (both sexes) Change in HIV-related mortality rate measured as the number of HIV-related deaths per 1000 person-years of observation in both men and women Year 3
10 Population-level all-cause mortality (both sexes) Change in all-cause mortality rate measured as the number of all-cause deaths per 1000 person-years of observation in both men and women Year 3
11 Population-level HIV-related mortality in women Change in HIV-related mortality rate measured as the number of HIV-related deaths per 1000 person-years of observation in women Year 3
12 Population-level HIV incidence in men Change in HIV incidence rate (number of HIV sero-conversions per 100 person-years of follow up) in men; HIV testing and viral load measurements are performed on the DBS samples collected during the annual survey Year 3
13 HIV status knowledge in men and women % ever received a test result for HIV in men and women Year 1
14 HIV prevention knowledge in men and women % reporting ever hearing about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) Year 1
15 HIV treatment utilization in men and women % reporting ever taking up ART for own health in men and women Year 1
16 Reported condom use in men and women % reporting condom use at last sex in men and women Year 1
17 Tuberculosis (TB) healthcare utilization in men and women % reported starting TB treatment in the past 12 months in men and women Year 1
18 Diabetes Healthcare utilization in men and women % reported starting diabetes treatment in the past 12 months Year 1
19 Hypertension healthcare utilization in men and women % reported starting blood pressure treatment in the past 12 months in men and women Year 1
20 Household wealth (household assets) Number of household assets (selected from a predefined list of 32 assets) Year 3
21 Household wealth (food security) % of adults in the household ever cutting the size of meals or missing meals due to insufficient money for food in the past 12 months Year 3
22 Partnership patterns in men and women % reporting having more than one sexual partner in the past 12 months in men and women Year 1
23 Retention in HIV care in men and women % who are retained in care (% patients having an ART clinic visit in previous 3 months) at 1-year post-initiation in men and women Year 1
24 Retention in HIV care in men and women % who are retained in care (% patients having an ART clinic visit in previous 3 months) at 3 years post-initiation in men and women Year 3
25 Patient viral suppression in men and women % who are remain virally suppressed (% patients where virus is undetectable) 1-year post-initiation in men and women Year 1
26 Patient viral suppression in men and women % who are remain virally suppressed (% patients where virus is undetectable) 3-years post-initiation in men and women Year 3