Skip to main content

Table 2 Effect of the interventions on wasting, underweight, stunting and a composite index of anthropometric failure

From: Effects of participatory learning and action with women’s groups, counselling through home visits and crèches on undernutrition among children under three years in eastern India: a quasi-experimental study

  Area 1: Control Area 2: PLA and home visits Area 3: Crèches, PLA and home visits Effect of PLA and home visits vs. control
Adjusted OR (95% CI)a
p Effect of crèches, PLA and home visits vs control
Adjusted OR (95% CI)a
p
Wasting
 Baseline, N 1214 1190 1315     
 n (%) 280 (23.1) 327 (27.5) 314 (23.9)     
 Endline, N 1048 1201 1147     
  n (%) 282 (26.9) 277 (23.1) 249 (21.7) 0.66 (0.51-0.88) 0.004 0.73 (0.55-0.97) 0.028
Underweight
 Baseline, N 1241 1219 1335     
 n (%) 639 (51.5) 644 (52.8) 740 (55.4)     
 Endline 1100 1235 1164     
 n (%) 603 (54.8) 606 (49.1) 537 (46.1) 0.75 (0.59-0.95) 0.018 0.60 (0.47-0.75) < 0.001
Stunting
 Baseline (N) 1182 1171 1265     
 n (%) 658 (55.7) 594 (50.7) 773 (61.1)     
 Endline (N) 1045 1213 1148     
 n (%) 564 (54.0) 653 (53.8) 601 (52.3) 1.23 (0.96-1.57) 0.099 0.73 (0.57-0.93) 0.012
Composite index of anthropometric failureb
 Baseline 1169 1148 1249     
 n (%) 804 (68.8) 789 (68.7) 920 (73.7)     
 Endline 993 1169 1126     
 n (%) 696 (70.1) 812 (69.5) 733 (65.1) 0.98 (0.75-1.28) 0.617 0.61 (0.46-0.79) < 0.001
  1. a Differences in wasting, underweight and wasting at endline, adjusted for baseline differences in anthropometry, tribal/caste status (categorical), ownership of MNREGA card (binary), any maternal education (binary), asset quintile (categorical), district (categorical, fixed effect) and clustering (random effect)
  2. bThe Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure includes six categories of undernutrition: wasting only, wasting and underweight, wasting, stunting and underweight, stunting and underweight, stunting only, underweight only. A child has anthropometric failure if they are either wasted, or underweight or stunted, or any combination of anthropometric failure