Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparisons of Health Outcome Variables between Baseline and Follow-up of Intervention and Control Groups

From: Effects of the home-based educational intervention on health outcomes among primarily Hispanic children with asthma: a quasi-experimental study

  Intervention group (Mean ± SD) Control group (Mean ± SD) p-value
of changec
Baseline Follow-up p-valuea Changeb
(95% CI)
Baseline Follow-up p-valuea Changeb
(95% CI)
 
Number of asthma attacks 0.77 ± 2.43 0.27 ± 0.91 0.029 −0.5
(−0.86, − 0.14)
0.24 ± 0.63 0.12 ± 0.54 0.07 −0.12
(− 0.24, 0)
0.049
Hospitalizations 0.03 ± 0.28 0 ± 0 0.207 −0.03
(0.08, 0.02)
0.006 ± 0.08 0.006 ± 0.08 1 0
(−0.02,0.02)
0.235
Emergency room visits 0.05 ± 0.24 0.03 ± 0.17 0.559 −0.02
(− 0.06, 0.03)
0.05 ± 0.25 0.06 ± 0.44 0.756 0.13
(−0.06, 0.09)
0.530
PH score 72.69 ± 20.38 89.53 ± 11.76 < 0.001 16.76
(13.79, 19.73)
76.15 ± 19.08 90.74 ± 12.09 < 0.001 14.86
(12.17, 17.55)
0.351
AC score 85.26 ± 23.31 92.65 ± 15.01 0.003 7.39
(3.58, 11.21)
88.75 ± 20.84 93.87 ± 13.2 0.009 5.13
(1.95, 8.30)
0.366
AF score 85.78 ± 18.33 91.34 ± 17.32 0.013 5.5
(2.67, 8.34)
88.41 ± 16.06 91.60 ± 14.38 0.06 3.28
(1.17, 5.39)
0.215
EC score 69.23 ± 33.56 80.92 ± 26.37 0.002 11.69
(6.86, 16.52)
68.5 ± 35.06 80.31 ± 28.3 0.001 11.70
(6.92, 16.48)
0.999
EF score 62.34 ± 17 70.98 ± 13.06 < 0.001 8.63
(5.77, 11.51)
60.73 ± 18.27 66.31 ± 14.08 0.002 5.57
(3.28, 7.87)
0.1
  1. a Using two sample t test for baseline and follow-up data; b Using one sample t-tests for changes (follow-up – baseline) in each group; c Using two sample t test to compare the change results (follow-up – baseline) between intervention and control groups
  2. PH physical health of children, AC activities of children, AF activities of family, EC emotional health of children, EF emotional health of families