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Table 1 Comparisons of Characteristics between Intervention and Control Groups

From: Effects of the home-based educational intervention on health outcomes among primarily Hispanic children with asthma: a quasi-experimental study

Variable Total (N = 290)
(Mean ± SD or %)
Intervention Group (N = 130) (Mean ± SD or %) Control Group (N = 160)
(Mean ± SD or %)
p-value
Children Age (when diagnosed with asthma) 2.99 ± 2.70 2.87 ± 2.58 3.09 ± 2.79 0.486
Children Gender     0.58
 Girl 44.5% 57.7% 53.8%  
 Boy 55.5% 42.3% 46.2%  
Children race/ethnicity     0.289
 Hispanic 97.9% 98.4% 97.5%  
 Non-Hispanic 2.1% 1.6% 2.5%  
Family history of allergy     0.625
 Yes 82.2% 80.6% 83.5%  
 No 17.8% 19.4% 16.5%  
Household smoker     0.493
 Yes 18.4% 15.5% 20.1%  
 No 81.6% 83.7% 79.9%  
Marital status of parents/guardians     0.303
 Married 70.3% 73.8% 67.5%  
 Non-married 29.7% 26.2% 32.5%  
Household income     0.027
 Less than 15,000 54.4% 62.1% 48%  
 Greater than or equal to $15,000 45.6% 37.9% 52%  
Insurance type     0.515
 Public insurance 90.7% 92.3% 89.4%  
 Private insurance or self-pay 9.3% 7.7% 10.6%  
Use of steroid     0.223
 Yes 39.7% 35.4% 43.1%  
 No 60.3% 64.6% 56.9%  
  1. p-values of mean differences or differences among categories; Using two sample t-tests for continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variables