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Table 6 Factors associated with daily intake of two portions of commonly available fruits and vegetables

From: Low intake of commonly available fruits and vegetables in socio-economically disadvantaged communities of South Africa: influence of affordability and sugary drinks intake

  Univariate analyses Multivariate logistic regression
Odds ratio 95% CI p-value Odds ratio 95% CI p-value
Variables
Socio-demographics
 Gender (Female) 2.50 0.24–4.02 0.056 1.03 0.66–1.59 0.900
 Age (≥50 years) 0.78 0.48–1.08 0.856 1.58 1.01–2.42 0.028
 Community (urban) 2.95 1.03–4.56 0.070 1.53 0.88–2.67 0.132
Socio-economics
 Household monthly income
  <R2000 (ref)
  R2000–5000 0.75 0.48–1.16 0.199 0.75 0.48–1.16 0.199
  R5001–15000 0.68 0.33–1.39 0.291 0.68 0.33–1.39 0.291
 Own a refrigerator (Yes) 1.28 0.84–1.94 0.251 1.01 0.64–1.60 0.962
 Monthly grocery expenditure (≥R1000) 1.56 1.05–2.44 0.005 1.60 1.05–2.44 0.030
Attitude
 Perceived fruits and vegetables as healthy food (Yes) 0.82 0.53–1.27 0.37 0.78 0.49–1.24 0.290
Food choice and access
 Buy fruits/vegetables daily or weekly (Yes) 1.119 0.74–1.69 0.067 1.119 0.74–1.69 0.596
 Travel to purchase groceries by:
  Taxi, bus, or train (ref)  
  Personal vehicle 1.08 1.06–3.09 0.005 2.084 1.06–4.09 0.003
  Walk 2.66 1.06–4.09 0.040 1.524 0.97–2.40 0.069
 Purchased SSB daily or weekly (Yes) 0.54 0.36–0.81 0.008 0.541 0.36–.810 0.007
Morbidity
 Diagnosed with diabetes (Yes) 1.76 1.44–2.30 0.005 0.755 0.44–1.30 0.311