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Table 3 Patterns of purchase selected food, vegetables and fruits by communities a

From: Low intake of commonly available fruits and vegetables in socio-economically disadvantaged communities of South Africa: influence of affordability and sugary drinks intake

  Selected food items, vegetables and fruits purchasedb
Cerealsc Starch d Meat e Vegetables f Fruit g Bread h SSBsi Snackj Sugark
Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural
n (%)l
Daily/Weekly 117 (28.0) 14 (12.0) 54 (12.9) 7 (6.0) 163 (39.0) 43 (36.8) 257 (61.5) 65 (55.6) 390 (93.39) 60 (51.3) 377 (90.2) 96 (82.1) 250 (59.8) 18 (15.4) 253 (60.5) 18 (15.4) 136 (32.5) 3 (2.6)
Monthly+ 301 (72.0) 103 (88.0) 364 (87.1) 110 (96.0) 255 (61.0) 74 (63.2) 161 (38.0) 52 (44.4) 28 (6.7) 57 (48.7) 41 (9.8) 21 (17.9) 168 (40.2) 99 (84.6) 165 (39.5) 99 (84.6) 282 (67.5) 114 (97.4)
p-value** 0.001 0.015 0.747 0.285 0.001 0.021 0.001 0.001 0.001
  1. a Urban Township (Langa) and Rural (Mount Frere) Community
  2. b Food items, vegetables and fruits purchased were reported in numbers (and frequency) – n(%)
  3. c – Cereals – oats, corn flakes, Weetabix, bran flakes, etc.;
  4. d – Starch – maize meal, samp (grounded maize), rice, flour, and pasta
  5. e – Meat – chicken, beef, mutton, pork, sausage;
  6. f – Vegetables – cabbage, spinach, pumpkin, carrots
  7. g – Fruit – Apple, pears, oranges, grapes, mango, avocado, banana;
  8. h – Bread – brown, white and whole wheat
  9. i – Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) – 100% fruit juice, fizzy drinks, /Soft drinks;
  10. j – Snacks –Potato chips, peanuts, candies, biscuit, cakes
  11. k – Sugar – white or brown granulated sugar
  12. l - Number and proportion of respondents that purchase food items and fruits/vegetables daily/weekly and monthly
  13. ** p-value is at 95% confidence interval, and are reported for the comparison of purchases (daily to monthly) between the urban and rural communities. Bolded p-values are those comparisions that are statistically significant