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Table 5 Knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS and STIs (N = 326)

From: Knowledge, attitudes and peer influences related to pregnancy, sexual and reproductive health among adolescents using maternal health services in Ugu, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Questions Correct Answer Frequencies (n) Percentages (%)
HIV is known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus. True   
 True   266 81.6%
 False   5 1.5%
 Do not know   55 16.9%
HIV can be transmitted through oral sex. Yes   
 Yes   72 22.1%
 No   254 77.9%
HIV can be transmitted through vaginal sex. Yes   
 Yes   233 71.5%
 No   93 28.5%
HIV can be transmitted through anal sex. Yes   
 Yes   67 20.6%
 No   259 79.4%
HIV infects and damages CD4 helper cells. True   
 True   259 79.4%
 False   1 0.3%
 Do not know   66 20.2%
HIV develops into AIDS. True   
 True   266 81.6%
 False   3 0.9%
 Do not know   57 17.5%
HIV is present in semen, blood, vaginal secretions and breast milk. True   
 True   235 72.1%
 False   6 1.8%
 Do not know   85 6.1%
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection. Yes   
 Yes   80 24.5%
 No   246 75.5%
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. Yes   
 Yes   49 15%
 No   277 85%
Chlymydia is a sexually transmitted infection. Yes   
 Yes   12 3.7%
 No   314 96.3%
Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted infection. Yes   
 Yes   51 15.6%
 No   275 84.4%
Genital sores are associated with the signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections. Yes   
 Yes   186 57.1%
 No   140 42.9%
Burning during urination is associated with the signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections. Yes   
 Yes   179 54.9%
 No   147 45.1%
Discharge from the vagina is associated with the signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections. Yes   
 Yes   214 65.6%
 No   112 34.4%
Discharge from the penis is associated with the signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections. Yes   
 Yes   195 59.8%
 No   131 40.2%