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Table 3 Knowledge regarding alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy (N = 326)

From: Knowledge, attitudes and peer influences related to pregnancy, sexual and reproductive health among adolescents using maternal health services in Ugu, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Questions Correct Answer Frequencies (n) Percentages (%)
What quantity of alcohol may a pregnant woman consume? No quantity of alcohol is safe during pregnancy.   
 1 alcoholic drink a day   1 0.3%
 No quantity of alcohol is safe during pregnancy.   302 92.6%
 Do not know   23 2.1%
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy results in low birth weight. Yes   
 Yes   64 19.6%
 No   262 80.4%
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy results in heart defects. Yes   
 Yes   67 20.6%
 No   259 79.4%
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy results in damage to the unborn baby’s liver. Yes   
 Yes   118 36.2%
 No   208 63.8%
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy results in mental retardation in the unborn baby. Yes   
 Yes   209 64.1%
 No   117 35.9%
Smoking tobacco during pregnancy results in low birth weight. Yes   
 Yes   73 22.4%
 No   253 77.6%
Smoking tobacco during pregnancy results in miscarriage. Yes   
 Yes   54 16.6%
 No   272 83.4%
Smoking tobacco during pregnancy results in preterm labour. Yes   
 Yes   22 6.7%
 No   304 93.3%
Smoking tobacco during pregnancy results in deformities in the unborn baby. Yes   
 Yes   52 16%
 No   274 84%
  No   
Smoking tobacco during pregnancy reduces back pain.   2 0.6%
 Yes   2 0.6%
 No   324 99.4%