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Table 2 General knowledge pertaining to pregnancy and signs of preterm labour (N = 326)

From: Knowledge, attitudes and peer influences related to pregnancy, sexual and reproductive health among adolescents using maternal health services in Ugu, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Questions Correct Answer Frequencies (n) Percentages (%)
A pregnant woman must consult a clinician (doctor or midwife/nurse) True   
 True   303 92.9%
 False   2 0.6%
 Do not know   21 6.4%
A pregnant woman must consult her clinician (doctor or midwife/nurse) in the event that she feels unwell, has a fever, and/or experiences an unusual physical change. True   
 True   301 92.3%
 False   2 0.6%
 Do not know   23 7.1%
To decrease the risk of preterm labour, a pregnant woman should: All of the above   
 Attend antenatal care as soon as she knows she is pregnant   79 24.2%
 Reduce stress   20 6.1%
 Follow all the healthcare advice given by the doctor or midwife   15 4.6%
 Eat healthy, nutritious food   4 1.2%
 All of the above   144 44.2%
 Do not know   64 19.6%
Folic acid is taken by pregnant women because it: Is essential for the baby’s brain and spine development   
 Prevents nausea   6 1.8%
 Is essential for the baby’s brain and spine development   116 35.6%
 Prevents sexually transmitted infections   2 0.6%
 Helps with the baby’s lung development   6 1.8%
 Helps to reduce lower back pain   1 0.3%
 Do not know   195 59.8%
Pregnant women should avoid exercise. False   
 True   63 19.3%
 False   210 64.4%
 Do not know   53 16.3%
Signs of preterm labour
 Persistent cramps and abdominal (stomach pain) Yes   
  Yes   159 48.8%
  No   167 51.2%
 The release of fluid or blood from the vagina Yes   
  Yes   197 60.4%
  No   129 39.6%
 Regular or frequent contractions or changes in the strength or number of contractions Yes   
  Yes   110 33.7%
  No   216 66.3%
 A feeling as if the baby is pushing down Yes   
  Yes   99 30.4%
  No   227 69.6%
 Swollen ankles No   
  Yes   24 7.4%
  No   302 92.6%
 Persistent cramps and abdominal (stomach pain) Yes   
  Yes   159 48.8%
  No   167 51.2%