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Table 3 Correlations between physical activity parenting practices and children’s physical activity preference, knowledge, screen-time and outdoor play

From: Preschool children’s preferences for sedentary activity relates to parent’s restrictive rules around active outdoor play

Variable Child iPad activity Parental report Parental report hours outside play Parental report hours screen-time
Child PA preference score (Pre-FPQ) Child PA knowledge Score (Pre-FPQ) Child PA preference (parent Questionnaire) last 5 weekday last weekend Total hours Last 5 weekdays Last weekend Total hours
Controlling factors
 Rules around active play indoors −0.092 − 0.123 − 0.020 − 0.020 − 0.071 − 0.06 −0.032 − 0.076 −0.05
 Rules around active play outdoors −0.179* − 0.094 − 0.287*** −0.159 − 0.063 −0.12 0.12* 0.195* .28***
 Use of PA to reward/control behaviour 0.034 0.025 0.165 0.031 0.122 0.012 −0.11 − 0.104 − 0.08
 Limiting or monitoring screen-time − 0.078 0.058 0.021 0.033 −0.125 −0.05 −.49*** −.49*** −.49***
 Limiting outdoor play due to weather −0.026 − 0.050 − 0.060 −.229** −0.141 − 0.145 0.08 0.059 0.13
 Use of screen-time to reward/control child behaviour −0.026 − 0.050 − 0.060* −.229* − 0.141 − 0.145 0.08 0.059 0.13
Promoting factors
 Explicit modelling and enjoyment of PA −0.077 0.050 0.228** 0.165 0.096 0.166 −.16 −.342*** −.26**
 Verbal Encouragement 0.020 0.096 0.074 0.124 0.081 0.129 −0.02 − 0.099 − 0.13
 Instrumental support for sport − 0.070 0.057 0.119 0.093 0.070 0.100 −0.12 −.208** −.21**
 Instrumental support for active play −0.068 −0.007 0.211** 0.24** 0.27* .220* 0.06 −0.131 −0.01
 Importance and value physical activity − 0.052 0.021 .301*** −0.041 0.017 −0.023 − 0.12 −.198** −.24**
 Support/reinforcement from other adults 0.020 0.064 .233*** .234** .198** .260** −.230** −.303*** −.23**
 Exposure to TV 0.035 −0.155 −0.027 −.191* 0.011 −0.138 0.44*** 0.450*** .57***
 Explicit modelling and enjoyment of screen-time −0.389 − 0.041 − 0.170 −.345*** 0.154 −.33*** 0.30*** 0.411*** .40***
Dependent variables
 Child PA preference (Pre-FPQ) 0.047 .240** 0.135 −0.09 0.01 −0.04
 Child PA knowledge (Pre-FPQ) 0.096 0.101 0.099 0.119 0.06 0.01 0.06
 Child PA preference (parental questionnaire) 0.029 0.097 0.174 0.117 .180* −0.02 −.214** − 0.15
  1. *p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001