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Table 2 Children’s physical activity preference, knowledge, screen-time and outdoor play by demographic factors

From: Preschool children’s preferences for sedentary activity relates to parent’s restrictive rules around active outdoor play

Variable Ethnicity Child Gender Age of Primary carer Primary carer education
Caucasian other    Male female    20–29 years 30–39 years 40+ years    High School Technical or trade certificate Tertiary   
Mean (SD)
n = 109
Mean (SD)
n = 20
t p Mean (SD)
n = 62
Mean (SD)
n = 60
t p Mean (SD)
n = 17
Mean (SD)
n = 90
Mean (SD)
n = 22
F p Mean (SD)
n = 27
Mean (SD)
n = 16
Mean (SD)
n = 80
F p
Weekend outdoor playa 7.65 (4.1) 5.46 (7.5) 1.73 0.08 7.60 (4.6) 7.20 (4.7) .379 0.71 7.46 (3.66) 7.51 (5.05) 6.95 (3.2) .130 .878 5.50 (4.28) 6.84 (2.97) 8.15 (4.87) 3.57 0.03***
weekday outdoor playa 12.68 (8.0) 6.00 (6.1) 3.08 0.00*** 12.1 (4.7) 12.02 (8.5) 0.31 0.97 12.9 (8.26) 11.58 (8.13) 12.6 (8.4) .291 .748 8.64 (6.69) 10.1 (5.07) 13.52 (8.78) 4.28 0.01**
Weekend screen-timea 6.22 (4.5) 8.03 (10.5) −0.66 0.23 4.74 (3.2) 3.71 (2.4) 2.00 0.04* 3.53 (1.97) 3.71 (2.47) 4.21 (2.8) 1.11 .331 4.90 (3.98) 4.43 (2.30) 4.22 (2.84) 1.20 0.30
Weekday screen-timea 4.10 (2.6) 5.26 (3.8) −1.13 0.13 6.3 (4.9) 5.91 (3.8) 0.443 .658 6.59 (5.38) 6.14 (4.36) 5.21 (3.7) 0.51 .597 6.64 (5.50) 6.46 (4.17) 5.85 (4.09) 0.368 0.69
Child PA preference (Pre-FPQ) 3.92 (1.6) 3.00 (1.3) .132 0.03* 4.12 (1.6) 3.35 (1.5) 2.59 0.01** 4.57 (1.28) 3.81 (1.64) 3.40 (1.6) 2.24 .110 4.11 (1.69) 3.80 (1.82) 3.74 (1.58) 0.500 0.60
Child PA knowledge (Pre-FPQ) 5.42 (2.0) 4.9 (1.9) .828 0.40 5.18 2.0) 5.53 (2.0) −.907 .367 5.00 (2.07) 5.47 (2.03) 5.27 (2.1) .357 .70 5.29 (1.93) 5.46 (2.53) 5.37 (2.03) 0.034 0.96
Child PA preference (Parent questionnaire) 19.64 (3.06) 19.26 (2.78) .499 .645 19.7 (3.20) 19.53 (2.91) 0.318 0.75 21.6 (2.52) 19.54 (2.95) 18.5 (3.0) 4.93 0.01** 20.4 (2.63) 19.1 (2.87) 19.4 (3.17) 1.419 0.24
  1. aparent reported
  2. *p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001