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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of sleep problems and sleep medication use (n = 7985)

From: Over-indebtedness and its association with sleep and sleep medication use

  Sleep onset Sleep maintenance Sleep medication use
  aOR 95%-CI aOR 95%-CI aOR 95%-CI
Over-indebtednessa 1.72 1.39–2.13 1.39 1.12–1.73 3.59 2.69–4.79
Sexb 1.48 1.35–1.63 1.32 1.20–1.46 1.90 1.56–2.31
Age group
 18–29 years Reference (Ref.)   Ref.   
 30–49 years 0.86 0.73–1.02 1.27 1.07–1.50 1.73 1.12–2.67
 50–64 years 1.04 0.86–1.25 1.84 1.52–2.22 2.61 1.66–4.09
 65–79 years 1.04 0.85–1.28 1.73 1.40–2.13 4.67 2.90–7.51
Marital status
 Married Ref.   Ref.   Ref.  
 Separated/Divorced/Widowed 1.11 0.97–1.28 1.06 0.92–1.23 0.99 0.78–1.25
 Single 1.26 1.10–1.45 0.98 0.85–1.13 1.05 0.78–1.42
Education level (ISCED)
 Low 0.95 0.82–1.09 0.79 0.68–0.91 1.21 0.95–1.54
 Medium Ref.   Ref.   Ref.  
 High 0.90 0.81–1.00 1.25 1.12–1.39 1.05 0.84–1.32
Unemploymentc 1.10 0.97–1.24 0.95 0.84–1.08 1.10 0.88–1.39
Subjective health statusd 2.05 1.83–2.30 1.94 1.71–2.20 2.61 2.14–3.19
Depression/anxietye 2.01 1.65–2.45 2.30 1.83–2.88 4.39 3.50–5.51
  1. Italics show significant results at alpha = 0.05
  2. aNot over-indebted (Ref.) bMale (Ref.); cEmployed (Ref.); dVery good to good subjective health status (Ref.); eAbsence of depression/anxiety (Ref.)