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Table 4 Odds ratio for low physical activity compared to moderate to vigorous physical activity stratified by sex

From: Physical activity and its correlates among higher secondary school students in an urban district of Nepal

  Male (n = 471) Female (n = 474)
n Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)a n Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)a
Socio-demographic variables
 Age
  15–17 years 269 0.98 (0.12–7.98) 0.99 (0.12–8.62) 347 2.75 (0.61–12.49) 2.68 (0.56–12.87)
  17–19 years 191 0.73 (0.09–6.15) 0.68 (0.08–6.05) 113 2.81 (0.60–13.20) 2.45 (0.50–11.95)
  19–21 years 11 1 1 14 1 1
 Ethnicity
  Brahmin/Chhetri 301 0.51 (0.23–1.12) 0.38 (0.15–0.94) 274 1.03 (0.53–2.02) 0.91 (0.44–1.86)
  Aadibasi/Janajati 96 0.43 (0.15–1.23) 0.38 (0.13–1.14) 149 1.59 (0.79–3.20) 1.43 (0.70–2.94)
  Others 74 1 1 51 1 1
 Family type
  Nuclear 350 0.97 (0.45–2.05) 1.05 (0.48–2.28) 332 0.76 (0.50–1.15) 0.78 (0.51–1.20)
  Non-nuclear 121 1 1 142 1 1
 Educational status of father
  Illiterate 23 0.46 (0.06–3.60) 0.50 (0.05–4.86) 17 0.90 (0.31–2.67) 0.95 (0.27–3.43)
  Primary 71 0.76 (0.27–2.15) 0.73 (0.21–2.52) 51 0.90 (0.46–1.76) 0.96 (0.41–2.26)
  Secondary 201 0.87 (0.42–1.79) 0.85 (0.35–2.03) 197 0.97 (0.64–1.48) 0.85 (0.51–1.41)
  High school and above 176 1 1 209 1 1
 Educational status of mother
  Illiterate 85 0.79 (0.26–2.37) 0.71 (0.17–2.92) 56 0.98 (0.48–1.98) 1.01 (0.39–2.58)
  Primary 107 0.84 (0.30–2.33) 0.84 (0.24–2.98) 77 1.11 (0.60–2.07) 1.08 (0.50–2.33)
  Secondary 188 0.97 (0.40–2.35) 0.97 (0.34–2.72) 220 1.20 (0.74–1.94) 1.22 (0.70–2.13)
  High school and above 91 1 1 121 1 1
Academic variables
 Type of school
  Public 160 0.41 (0.18–0.96) 0.49 (0.19–1.24) 170 0.59 (0.39–0.91) 0.47 (0.27–0.84)
  Private 311 1 1 304 1 1
 Grade of study
  11 168 0.93 (0.46–1.88) 1.90 (0.72–5.00) 163 1.57 (1.05–2.34) 0.98 (0.53–1.84)
  12 303 1 1 311 1 1
 Subject of study
  Education 65 0.13 (0.02–0.94) 0.05 (0.01–0.60) 106 1.15 (0.68–1.95) 1.66 (0.71–3.92)
  Humanities 9 15 1.06 (0.33–3.48) 1.84 (0.45–7.57)
  Management 153 0.56 (0.26–1.20) 0.15 (0.03–0.85) 145 2.06 (1.31–3.25) 2.20 (0.92–5.30)
  Science 244 1 1 208 1 1
 Time of study
  Morning 170 0.52 (0.24–1.14) 3.57 (0.66–19.18) 202 1.14 (0.77–1.69) 1.01 (0.48–2.13)
  Day 301 1 1 272 1 1
Environmental variables
 Mode of transport to school
  Walking 174 0.62 (0.30–1.28) 0.70 (0.30–1.61) 165 0.98 (0.65–1.48) 0.98 (0.60–1.59)
  Cycle 82 0.32 (0.09–1.09) 0.28 (0.06–1.26) 52 0.21 (0.08–0.54) 0.22 (0.08–0.62)
  Motorcycle/Four-wheeled 215 1 1 257 1 1
 Extracurricular activities at school
  Yes 293 0.82 (0.42–1.61) 1.02 (0.44–2.37) 361 1.12 (0.71–1.18) 0.99 (0.60–1.63)
  No 178 1 1 113 1 1
 Playground at school
  Yes 348 0.99 (0.47–2.10) 1.22 (0.47–3.16) 445 0.99 (0.44–2.25) 1.31 (0.51–3.37)
  No 123 1 1 29 1 1
 Playground or park around home
  Yes 325 0.42 (0.21–0.81) 0.36 (0.16–0.79) 320 0.70 (0.46–1.05) 0.59 (0.37–0.94)
  No 146 1 1 154 1 1
 Adequate space to play or walk around home
  Yes 353 0.62 (0.30–1.25) 1.08 (0.46–2.51) 356 0.84 (0.54–1.31) 1.15 (0.68–1.94)
  No 118 1 1 118 1 1
 Family support to physical activity
  Yes 446 0.25 (0.09–0.66) 0.23 (0.07–0.79) 444 0.89 (0.41–1.96) 0.73 (0.29–1.80)
  No 25 1 1 30 1 1
 Peer support to physical activity
  Yes 450 0.25 (0.09–0.74) 0.29 (0.08–1.06) 450 1.10 (0.45–2.70) 1.12 (0.39–3.19)
  No 21 1 1 24 1 1
Lifestyle-related variables
 Current smoker
  Yes 29 1.34 (0.39–4.65) 1.96 (0.47–8.21) 1
  No 442 1 1 473
 Current drinker
  Yes 41 2.65 (1.09–6.46) 2.97 (1.03–8.55) 1
  No 430 1 1 473
 Screen time
  Moderate 294 1.04 (0.52–2.06) 0.88 (0.40–1.95) 305 0.70 (0.47–1.04) 0.69 (0.44–1.07)
  Excessive 177 1 1 169 1 1
  1. Odds ratio of smoking and alcohol consumption among females are blank because of the insufficient number of observations in a given cell
  2. aOdds ratio for age, ethnicity, family type, educational status of father and educational status of mother were adjusted for socio-demographic variables. Odds ratio for type of school, grade of study, subject of study and time of study were adjusted for socio-demographic and academic factors. Odds ratio for mode of transport, extracurricular activities at school, playground at campus, playground or park around home, adequate space to play or walk around home, family support and peer support were adjusted for socio-demographic, academic and environmental factors. Socio-demographic, academic and environmental factors were adjusted for each of the life-style related factor