Skip to main content

Table 2 GPAQ classification of physical activity stratified by sex [Data shown as percentage (95% confidence interval)]

From: Physical activity and its correlates among higher secondary school students in an urban district of Nepal

  N GPAQ classification
Low physical activity (%) Moderate physical activity (%) High physical activity (%)
Male (n = 471) Female (n = 474) Male (n = 471) Female (n = 474) Male (n = 471) Female (n = 474)
All 945 8.1 (5.6–10.5) 31.0 (26.8–35.2) 19.3 (15.8–22.9) 34.2 (29.9–38.4) 72.6 (68.6–76.6) 34.8 (30.5–39.1)
Socio-demographic variables
 Age
  15–17 years 616 8.9 (5.5–12.3) 31.4 (26.5–36.3) 20.8 (16.0–25.7) 34.0 (29.0–39.0) 70.3 (64.8–75.7) 34.6 (29.6–39.6)
  17–19 years 304 6.8 (3.2–10.4) 31.9 (23.3–40.4) 17.8 (12.4–23.2) 35.4 (26.6–44.2) 75.4 (69.3–81.5) 32.7 (24.1–41.4)
  19–21 years 25 9.1 (0.0–26.1) 14.3 (0.0–32.6) 9.1 (0.0–26.1) 28.6 (4.9–52.2) 81.8 (59.0–100.0) 57.1 (31.2–83.1)
 Ethnicity
  Brahmin/Chhetri 575 7.3 (4.4–10.2) 28.1 (22.8–33.4) 21.3 (16.6–25.9) 37.2 (31.5–43.0) 71.4 (66.3–76.5) 34.7 (29.0–40.3)
  Aadibasi/Janajati 245 6.3 (1.4–11.1) 37.6 (29.8–45.4) 14.6 (7.5–21.6) 31.5 (24.1–39.0) 79.2 (71.0–87.3) 30.9 (23.5–38.3)
  Others 125 13.5 (5.7–21.3) 27.5 (15.2–39.7) 17.6 (8.9–26.2) 25.5 (13.5–37.5) 68.9 (58.4–79.5) 47.1 (33.4–60.8)
 Family type
  Nuclear 682 8.0 (5.2–10.8) 29.2 (24.3–34.1) 20.0 (15.8–24.2) 33.4 (28.4–38.5) 72.0 (67.3–76.7) 37.3 (32.1–42.6)
  Non-nuclear 263 8.3 (3.4–13.2) 35.2 (27.4–43.1) 17.4 (10.6–24.1) 35.9 (28.0–43.8) 74.4 (66.6–82.2) 28.9 (21.4–36.3)
 Educational status of father
  Illiterate 40 4.3 (0.0–12.7) 29.4 (7.8–51.1) 13.0 (0.0–26.8) 11.8 (0.0–27.1) 82.6 (67.1–98.1) 58.8 (35.4–82.2)
  Primary 122 7.0 (1.1–13.0) 29.4 (16.9–41.9) 15.5 (7.1–23.9) 29.4 (16.9–41.9) 77.5 (67.7–87.2) 41.2 (27.7–54.7)
  Secondary 398 8.0 (4.2–11.7) 31.0 (24.5–37.4) 17.4 (12.2–22.7) 33.5 (26.9–40.1) 74.6 (68.6–80.6) 35.5 (28.8–42.2)
  High school and above 385 9.1 (4.8–13.3) 31.6 (25.3–37.9) 23.9 (17.6–30.2) 37.8 (31.2–44.4) 67.0 (60.1–74.0) 30.6 (24.4–36.9)
 Educational status of mother
  Illiterate 141 7.1 (1.6–12.5) 28.6 (16.7–40.4) 17.6 (9.5–25.8) 25.0 (13.7–36.3) 75.3 (66.1–84.5) 46.4 (33.4–59.5)
  Primary 184 7.4 (2.5–12.5) 31.2 (20.8–41.5) 16.8 (9.7–23.9) 31.2 (20.8–41.5) 75.7 (67.6–83.8) 37.7 (26.8–48.5)
  Secondary 408 8.5 (4.5–12.5) 32.7 (26.5–38.9) 21.8 (15.9–27.7) 35.0 (28.7–41.3) 69.7 (63.1–76.3) 32.3 (26.1–38.5)
  High school and above 212 8.8 (3.0–14.6) 28.9 (20.8–37.0) 18.7 (10.7–26.7) 38.8 (30.2–47.5) 72.6 (63.4–81.7) 32.2 (23.9–40.6)
Academic variables
 Type of school
  Public 330 4.4 (1.2–7.5) 24.1 (17.7–30.5) 11.9 (6.9–16.9) 26.5 (19.8–33.1) 83.8 (78.0–89.5) 49.4 (41.9–56.9)
  Private 615 10.0 (6.6–13.3) 34.9 (29.5–40.2) 23.2 (18.5–27.8) 38.5 (33.0–44.0) 66.9 (61.7–72.1) 26.6 (21.7–31.6)
 Grade of study
  11 331 7.7 (3.7–11.8) 37.4 (30.0–44.9) 20.2 (14.2–26.3) 33.1 (25.9–40.4) 72.0 (65.2–78.8) 29.4 (22.5–36.4)
  12 614 8.3 (5.2–11.3) 27.7 (22.7–32.6) 18.8 (14.4–23.2) 34.7 (29.4–40.0) 72.9 (67.9–77.9) 37.6 (32.2–43.0)
 Subject of study
  Education 171 1.5 (0.0–4.5) 28.3 (19.7–36.9) 21.5 (11.5–31.5) 27.4 (18.9–35.8) 76.9 (66.7–87.2) 44.3 (34.9–53.8)
  Humanities 24 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 26.7 (4.3–49.0) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 20.0 (0.0–40.2) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 53.3 (28.1–78.6)
  Management 298 6.5 (2.6–10.5) 41.4 (33.4–49.4) 16.3 (10.5–22.2) 25.5 (18.4–32.6) 77.1 (70.5–83.8) 33.1 (25.4–40.8)
  Science 452 11.1 (7.1–15.0) 25.5 (19.6–31.4) 21.3 (16.2–26.4) 44.7 (38.0–51.5) 67.6 (61.8–73.5) 29.8 (23.6–36.0)
 Time of study
  Morning 372 5.3 (1.9–8.7) 32.7 (26.2–39.1) 11.8 (6.9–16.6) 21.8 (16.1–27.5) 82.9 (77.3–88.6) 45.5 (38.7–52.4)
  Day 573 9.6 (6.3–13.0) 29.8 (24.3–35.2) 23.6 (18.8–28.4) 43.4 (37.5–49.3) 66.8 (61.5–72.1) 26.8 (21.6–32.1)
Environmental variables
 Mode of transport to school
  Walking 339 6.9 (3.1–10.7) 33.3(26.1–40.5) 20.1 (14.2–26.1) 32.7 (25.6–39.9) 73.0 (66.4–79.6) 33.9 (26.7–41.2)
  Cycle 134 3.7 (0.0–7.7) 9.6 (1.6–17.6) 11.0 (4.2–17.7) 26.9 (14.9–39.0) 85.4 (77.7–93.0) 63.5 (50.4–76.5)
  Motorcycle/Four-wheeled 472 10.7 (6.6–14.8) 33.9 (28.1–39.6) 21.9 (16.3–27.4) 36.6 (30.7–42.5) 67.4 (61.2–73.7) 29.6 (24.0–35.2)
 Extracurricular activities at school
  Yes 654 7.5 (4.5–10.5) 31.6 (26.8–36.4) 21.8 (17.1–26.6) 33.2 (28.4–38.1) 70.6 (65.4–75.9) 35.2 (30.3–40.1)
  No 291 9.0 (4.8–13.2) 29.2 (20.8–37.6) 15.2 (9.9–20.4) 37.2 (28.3–46.1) 75.8 (69.6–82.1) 33.6 (24.9–42.3)
 Playground at school
  Yes 793 8.0 (5.2–10.9) 31.0 (26.7–35.3) 21.6 (17.2–25.9) 33.9 (29.5–38.3) 70.4 (65.6–75.2) 35.1 (30.6–39.5)
  No 152 8.1 (3.3–13.0) 31.0 (14.2–47.9) 13.0 (7.1–19.0) 37.9 (20.3–55.6) 78.9 (71.6–86.1) 31.0 (14.2–47.9)
 Playground or park around home
  Yes 645 5.8 (3.3–8.4) 28.4 (23.5–33.4) 20.6 (16.2–25.0) 33.4 (28.3–38.6) 73.5 (68.7–78.3) 38.1 (32.8–43.4)
  No 300 13.0 (7.6–18.5) 36.4 (28.8–44.0) 16.4 (10.4–22.5) 35.7 (28.1–43.3) 70.5 (63.2–77.9) 27.9 (20.8–35.0)
 Adequate space to play or walk around home
  Yes 709 7.1 (4.4–9.8) 30.1 (25.3–34.8) 18.4 (14.4–22.5) 31.7 (26.9–36.6) 74.5 (70.0–79.1) 38.2 (33.2–43.2)
  No 236 11.0 (5.4–16.7) 33.9 (25.4–42.4) 22.0 (14.6–29.5) 41.5 (32.6–50.4) 66.9 (58.5–75.4) 24.6 (16.8–32.3)
 Family support to physical activity
  Yes 890 7.2 (4.8–9.6) 30.9 (26.6–35.2) 19.3 (15.6–22.9) 34.2 (29.8–38.6) 73.5 (69.4–77.6) 34.9 (30.5–39.3)
  No 55 24.0 (7.3–40.7) 33.3 (16.5–50.2) 20.0 (4.3–35.7) 33.3 (16.5–50.2) 56.0 (36.5–75.5) 33.3 (16.5–50.2)
 Peer support to physical activity
  Yes 900 7.3 (4.9–9.7) 31.1 (26.8–35.4) 19.1 (15.5–22.7) 33.8 (29.4–38.1) 73.6 (69.5–77.6) 35.1 (30.7–39.5)
  No 45 23.8 (5.6–42.0) 29.2 (11.0–47.4) 23.8 (5.6–42.0) 41.7 (21.9–61.4) 52.4 (31.0–73.7) 29.2 (11.0–47.4)
Lifestyle-related variables
 Current smoker
  Yes 30 10.3 (0.0–21.4) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 13.8 (1.2–26.3) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 75.9 (60.3–91.4) 0.0 (0.0–0.0)
  No 915 7.9 (5.4–10.4) 31.1 (26.9–35.2) 19.7 (16.0–23.4) 34.0 (29.8–38.3) 72.4 (68.2–76.6) 34.9 (30.6–39.2)
 Current drinker
  Yes 42 17.1 (5.6–28.6) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 9.8 (0.7–18.8) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 73.2 (59.6–86.7) 0.0 (0.0–0.0)
  No 903 7.2 (4.8–9.7) 31.1 (26.9–35.2) 20.2 (16.4–24.0) 34.0 (29.8–38.3) 72.6 (68.3–76.8) 34.9 (30.6–39.2)
 Screen time
  Moderate 599 8.2 (5.0–11.3) 28.2 (23.1–33.2) 19.0 (14.6–23.5) 38.4 (32.9–43.8) 72.8 (67.7–77.9) 33.4 (28.1–38.7)
  Excessive 346 7.9 (3.9–11.9) 36.1 (28.9–43.3) 19.8 (13.9–25.6) 26.6 (20.0–33.3) 72.3 (65.7–78.9) 37.3 (30.0–44.6)