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Table 1 Population meeting WHO recommendation for physical activity stratified by age and sex [Data shown as percentage (95% confidence interval)]

From: Physical activity and its correlates among higher secondary school students in an urban district of Nepal

  N Population meeting WHO recommendation for physical activity (%)
Adolescents (< 18 years) (n = 638) Young adults (≥18 years) (n = 307)
Male (n = 280) Female (n = 358) Male (n = 471) Female (n = 474)
All 945 85.4 (81.3–89.5) 56.4 (51.3–61.5) 96.9 (94.4–99.4) 72.4 (64.3–80.5)
Socio-demographic variables
 Ethnicity
  Brahmin/Chhetri 575 83.8 (78.7–88.9) 56.8 (50.4–63.2) 95.2 (91.1–99.3) 80.9 (69.7–92.1)
  Aadibasi/Janajati 245 94.1 (87.6–100.0) 51.5 (41.8–61.3) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 66.7 (53.4–80.0)
  Others 125 81.3 (67.8–94.8) 70.0 (53.6–86.4) 97.6 (93.0–100.0) 66.7 (46.5–86.9)
 Family type
  Nuclear 682 85.9 (81.2–90.7) 56.8 (50.7–62.9) 95.8 (92.5–99.1) 77.3 (67.8–86.8)
  Non-nuclear 263 83.8 (75.4–92.2) 55.4 (45.7–65.1) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 63.4 (48.7–78.1)
 Educational status of father
  Illiterate 40 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 71.4 (37.9–100.0) 91.7 (76.1–100.0) 70.0 (41.6–98.4)
  Primary 122 89.2 (79.2–99.2) 65.4 (47.1–83.7) 97.1 (91.5–100.0) 76.0 (59.3–92.7)
  Secondary 398 88.9 (83.4–94.4) 57.4 (49.6–65.2) 96.0 (91.6–100.0) 69.0 (55.0–83.0)
  High school and above 385 78.3 (70.5–86.2) 53.5 (46.0–61.0) 98.6 (95.9–100.0) 74.4 (60.7–88.1)
 Educational status of mother
  Illiterate 141 92.1 (83.5–100.0) 68.8 (52.8–84.9) 95.7 (89.9–100.0) 66.7 (47.8–85.6)
  Primary 184 83.9 (74.8–93.1) 63.3 (49.8–76.8) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 75.0 (59.0–91.0)
  Secondary 408 86.9 (80.9–92.9) 54.7 (47.2–62.2) 93.9 (88.1–99.7) 70.0 (57.3–82.7)
  High school and above 212 79.3 (68.9–89.7) 52.3 (42.8–61.8) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 85.7 (67.4–100.0)
Academic variables
 Type of school
  Public 330 92.3 (86.8–97.8) 66.1 (57.2–75.0) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 75.4 (64.6–86.2)
  Private 615 82.0 (76.5–87.5) 52.2 (46.0–58.4) 95.1 (91.3–98.9) 69.1 (56.9–81.3)
 Grade of study
  11 331 88.6 (83.2–94.0) 51.0 (43.0–59.0) 97.2 (91.8–100.0) 64.3 (39.2–89.4)
  12 614 82.4 (76.3–88.5) 60.3 (53.7–66.9) 96.8 (94.0–99.6) 73.5 (64.9–82.1)
 Subject of study
  Education 171 96.4 (89.5–100.0) 65.2 (53.7–76.7) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 72.5 (58.7–86.3)
  Humanities 24 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 50.0 (1.0–99.0) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 81.8 (59.0–100.0)
  Management 298 91.2 (86.0–96.4) 52.8 (44.0–61.6) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 54.5 (33.7–75.3)
  Science 452 77.8 (70.8–84.8) 55.8 (48.2–63.4) 94.5 (90.2–98.8) 79.1 (67.0–91.3)
 Time of study
  Morning 372 93.1 (88.2–98.0) 64.6 (56.4–72.8) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 69.4 (58.8–80.0)
  Day 573 81.0 (75.3–86.8) 51.8 (45.3–58.3) 95.1 (91.3–98.9) 77.3 (64.9–89.7)
Environmental variables
 Mode of transport to school
  Walking 339 90.6 (85.0–96.2) 58.6 (49.9–67.3) 95.6 (90.7–100.0) 57.1 (42.1–72.1)
  Cycle 134 89.6 (81.0–98.2) 85.3 (73.4–97.2) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 94.4 (83.8–100.0)
  Motorcycle/Four-wheeled 472 79.4 (72.3–86.5) 50.2 (43.3–57.1) 96.6 (92.8–100.0) 76.8 (65.7–87.9)
 Extracurricular activities at school
  Yes 654 85.9 (80.7–91.1) 56.5 (50.6–62.4) 97.6 (94.9–100.0) 73.9 (64.9–82.9)
  No 291 84.5 (77.7–91.3) 56.2 (45.9–66.5) 95.6 (90.7–100.0) 66.7 (47.8–85.6)
 Playground at school
  Yes 793 85.2 (80.4–90.0) 57.4 (52.1–62.7) 97.1 (94.3–99.9) 71.9 (63.7–80.1)
  No 152 85.9 (77.8–94.0) 44.4 (25.7–63.1) 96.2 (91.0–100.0) 100.0 (100.0–100.0)
 Playground or park around home
  Yes 645 86.6 (81.8–91.4) 57.6 (51.4–63.8) 97.7 (95.1–100.0) 74.0 (64.2–83.8)
  No 300 82.6 (74.6–90.6) 53.9 (44.8–63.0) 95.0 (89.5–100.0) 69.2 (54.7–83.7)
 Adequate space to play or walk around home
  Yes 709 86.9 (82.4–91.4) 59.0 (53.1–64.9) 97.9 (95.5–100.0) 70.5 (61.0–80.0)
  No 236 80.6 (71.1–90.1) 48.9 (38.6–59.2) 94.1 (87.6–100.0) 78.6 (63.4–93.8)
 Family support to physical activity
  Yes 890 86.7 (82.6–90.8) 56.5 (51.2–61.8) 96.7 (94.1–99.3) 71.2 (62.8–79.6)
  No 55 64.7 (42.0–87.4) 56.0 (36.6–75.5) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 100.0 (100.0–100.0)
 Peer support to physical activity
  Yes 900 86.6 (82.5–90.7) 56.8 (51.5–62.1) 96.8 (94.3–99.3) 71.9 (63.7–80.1)
  No 45 66.7 (44.9–88.5) 50.0 (29.1–70.9) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 100.0 (100.0–100.0)
Lifestyle-related variables
 Current smoker
  Yes 30 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 95.5 (86.8–100.0) 100.0 (100.0–100.0)
  No 915 85.0 (80.8–89.2) 56.4 (51.3–61.5) 97.0 (94.4–99.6) 72.2 (64.0–80.4)
 Current drinker
  Yes 42 80.0 (59.8–100.0) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 100.0 (100.0–100.0) 0.0 (0.0–0.0)
  No 903 85.7 (81.5–89.9) 56.3 (51.2–61.5) 96.4 (93.6–99.2) 72.4 (64.3–80.5)
 Screen time
  Moderate 599 89.7 (85.2–94.2) 55.2 (48.7–61.7) 97.4 (94.5–100.0) 73.3 (62.1–84.5)
  Excessive 346 78.1 (70.2–86.0) 58.5 (50.2–66.8) 96.0 (91.6–100.0) 71.4 (59.6–83.2)
  1. Note: For adolescents aged less than 17 years, the cut-off value of 1680 MET-minutes/week was used. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends at least 60 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily for adolescents aged 5–17 years old. Assuming the intensity of activity to be 4, the total MET-minutes per week is 60*4*7 = 1680 MET-minutes/week. For those aged 18–64 years old, the WHO recommendation of 600 MET-minutes/week is used